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Governance matters V: aggregate and individual governance indicators for 1996 - 2005

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Author Info

  • Kaufmann, Daniel
  • Kraay, Aart
  • Mastruzzi, Massimo

Abstract

The authors report on the latest version of the worldwide governance indicators, covering 213 countries and territories and measuring six dimensions of governance from 1996 until end-2005: voice and accountability, political stability and absence of violence, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law, and control of corruption. The latest indicators are based on hundreds of variables and reflect the views of thousands of citizen and firm survey respondents and experts worldwide. Although global averages of governance display no marked trends during 1996-2005, nearly one-third of countries exhibit significant changes [for better or for worse]on at least one dimension of governance. Three new features distinguish this update. (1) The authors have moved to annual reporting of governance estimates. This update includes new governance estimates for 2003 and 2005, as well as minor backward revisions to biannual historical data for 1996-2004. (2) The authors are, for the first time, publishing the individual measures of governance from virtually every data source underlying the aggregate governance indicators. The ready availability of the individual data sources underlying the aggregate governance indicators is aimed at further enhancing the transparency of the methodology and of the resulting aggregate indicators, as well as helping data users and policymakers identify specific governance challenges in individual countries. (3) The authors present new evidence on the reliability of expert assessments of governance which, alongside survey responses, form part of the aggregate measures of governance.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 4012.

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Date of creation: 01 Sep 2006
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4012

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Related research

Keywords: Governance Indicators; National Governance; Economic Policy; Institutions and Governance; Statistical&Mathematical Sciences; Scientific Research&Science Parks;

References

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  1. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Zoido-Lobaton, Pablo, 1999. "Aggregating governance indicators," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2195, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Patricia Alvarez-Plata & Tilman Brück, 2006. "External Debt in Post-Conflict Countries," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 613, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  2. Pavel Sevcik, 2009. "Financial Frictions, Internal Capital Markets, and the Organization of Production," 2009 Meeting Papers 530, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  3. Antonio Andrés & Simplice Asongu, 2013. "Fighting Software Piracy: Which Governance Tools Matter in Africa?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 118(3), pages 667-682, December.
  4. Blyde, Juan & Molina, Danielken, 2013. "Logistics Infrastructure and the International Location of Fragmented Production," MPRA Paper 45749, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Knoeber, Charles R. & Walker, Mark D., 2013. "The effect of tougher enforcement on foreign firms: Evidence from the Adelphia perp walk," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 382-394.
  6. Berg, Sanford V & Jiang, Liangliang & Lin, Chen, 2011. "Regulation and corporate corruption: new evidence from the telecom sector," MPRA Paper 32947, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Givens, David, 2013. "Defining governance matters: A factor analytic assessment of governance institutions," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 1026-1053.
  8. Lefèvre, Nicolas, 2010. "Measuring the energy security implications of fossil fuel resource concentration," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 1635-1644, April.

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