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How Have the World's Poorest Fared Since the Early 1980s?

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  • Chen, Shaohua
  • Ravallion, Martin

Abstract

The authors present new estimates of the extent of the developing world's progress against poverty. By the frugal $1 a day standard, they find that there were 1.1 billion poor in 2001-almost 400 million fewer than 20 years earlier. Over the same period, the number of poor declined by more than 400 million in China, though half of this decline was in the first few years of the 1980s. The number of poor outside China rose slightly over the period. A marked bunching up of people between $1 and $2 a day has also emerged. Sub-Saharan Africa has become the region with the highest incidence of extreme poverty and the greatest depth of poverty. If these trends continue, then the aggregate $1 a day poverty rate for 1990 will be halved by 2015, though only East and South Asia will reach this goal.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3341.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2004
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3341

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Keywords: Environmental Economics&Policies; Poverty Reduction Strategies; Health Economics&Finance; Services&Transfers to Poor; Poverty Monitoring&Analysis; Poverty Assessment; Achieving Shared Growth; Services&Transfers to Poor; Rural Poverty Reduction; Safety Nets and Transfers;

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  1. (No last name available), Himanshu, 2013. "Poverty and Food Security in India," ADB Economics Working Paper Series, Asian Development Bank 369, Asian Development Bank.
  2. Ravallion, Martin & Shaohua Chen, 1996. "What can new survey data tell us about recent changes in distribution and poverty?," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 1694, The World Bank.
  3. Shaohua Chen & Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1993. "Is poverty increasing in the developing world?," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 1146, The World Bank.
  4. Wade, Robert Hunter, 2004. "Is Globalization Reducing Poverty and Inequality?," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 567-589, April.
  5. Chen, Shaohua & Ravallion, Martin, 1996. "Data in transition: Assessing rural living standards in Southern China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 23-56.
  6. Martin Ravallion, 2004. "The Debate on Globalization, Poverty and Inequality: why Measurement Matters," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 1, March.
  7. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav & van de Walle, Dominique, 1991. "Quantifying Absolute Poverty in the Developing World," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 37(4), pages 345-61, December.
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