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Rural extension services

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Author Info

  • Anderson, Jock R.
  • Feder, Gershon

Abstract

The authors analyze the considerations that lead policymakers to undertake extension investments as a key public responsibility, as well as the complex set of factors and intra-agency incentives that explain why different extension systems'performance vary. The authors provide a conceptual framework outlining farmers'demand for information, the welfare economic characterizations of extension services, and the organizational and political attributes that govern the performance of extension systems. They use the conceptual framework to examine several extension modalities and to analyze their likely and actual effectiveness. Specifically, the modalities reviewed include"training and visit"extension, decentralized systems,"fee-for-service"and privatized extension, and farmer-field-schools. The authors also discuss methodological issues pertaining to the assessment of extension outcomes and review the empirical literature on extension impact. They emphasize the efficiency gains that can come from locally decentralized delivery systems with incentive structures based largely on private provision that in most poorer countries is still publicly-funded. In wealthier countries, and for particular higher income farmer groups, extension systems will likely evolve into fee-for-service organizations.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 2976.

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Date of creation: 28 Feb 2003
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2976

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Related research

Keywords: Decentralization; Agricultural Knowledge&Information Systems; Environmental Economics&Policies; ICT Policy and Strategies; Health Economics&Finance; Agricultural Knowledge&Information Systems; ICT Policy and Strategies; Environmental Economics&Policies; Health Economics&Finance; Knowledge Economy;

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Cited by:
  1. Nava Ashraf & Xavier Giné & Dean Karlan, 2008. "Finding Missing Markets (and a disturbing epilogue): Evidence from an Export Crop Adoption and Marketing Intervention in Kenya," Working Papers 967, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  2. Timothee Demont, 2008. "Overcoming Constraints to Agricultural Innovation Through the Market: Insights from the Peruvian Andes," Working Papers 1006, University of Namur, Department of Economics.
  3. Armas, Enrique Blanco & Osorio, Camilo Gomez & Moreno-Dodson, Blanca & Abriningrum, Dwi Endah, 2012. "Agriculture public spending and growth in Indonesia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5977, The World Bank.
  4. Hu, Ruifa & Cai, Yaqing & Chen, Kevin Z. & Cui, Yongwei & Huang, Jikun, 2010. "Effects of inclusive public agricultural extension service: Results from a policy reform experiment in Western China," IFPRI discussion papers 1037, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  5. Marcos Gallacher, 2011. "Returns to Managerial Ability: Dairy Farms in Argentina," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 478, Universidad del CEMA.

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