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Demand for public safety

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  • Pradhan, Menno
  • Ravallion, Martin

Abstract

In public safety of less concern to poor people? What about people in poor areas? How is demand for public safety affected by income inequality? Is there a self-correcting mechanism whereby higher crime increases demand for public safety? The authors study subjective assessments of public safety using a comprehensive socioeconomic survey of living standards in Brazil. They find public safety to be a normal good at the household level. Marginal income effects are higher for the poor, so inequality reduces aggregate demand for public safety. Less public safety generates higher demand for improving it. Living in a poor area increases demand at given own-income. So does living in an area with higher average education.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 2043.

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Date of creation: 31 Jan 1999
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2043

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Keywords: Engineering; Economic Theory&Research; Public Health Promotion; Housing&Human Habitats; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Housing&Human Habitats; Engineering; Economic Theory&Research; Health Monitoring&Evaluation; Environmental Economics&Policies;

References

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  1. Edward L. Glaeser & Bruce Sacerdote & Jose A. Scheinkman, 1995. "Crime and Social Interactions," NBER Working Papers 5026, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Gibson, Betty Blecha, 1980. "Estimating Demand Elasticities for Public Goods from Survey Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 1069-76, December.
  3. Philipson, Tomas J & Posner, Richard A, 1996. "The Economic Epidemiology of Crime," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 39(2), pages 405-33, October.
  4. Grosh, M.E. & Munoz, J., 1996. "A Manual for Planning and Implementing the Living Standards Measurement Study Survey," Papers, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement 126, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  5. Akerlof, George A & Dickens, William T, 1982. "The Economic Consequences of Cognitive Dissonance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 307-19, June.
  6. John J. DiIulio, 1996. "Help Wanted: Economists, Crime and Public Policy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 10(1), pages 3-24, Winter.
  7. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment, pages 1-54 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Isaac Ehrlich, 1996. "Crime, Punishment, and the Market for Offenses," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 10(1), pages 43-67, Winter.
  9. Peter Bohm, 1984. "Revealing demand for an actual public good," Framed Field Experiments, The Field Experiments Website 00129, The Field Experiments Website.
  10. Sah, R.K., 1990. "Social Osmosis And Patterns Of Crime: A Dynamic Economic Analysis," Papers, Yale - Economic Growth Center 609, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  11. Borcherding, Thomas E & Deacon, Robert T, 1972. "The Demand for the Services of Non-Federal Governments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 62(5), pages 891-901, December.
  12. Fajnzylber, Pablo & Lederman, Daniel & Loayza, Norman, 2002. "What causes violent crime?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 46(7), pages 1323-1357, July.
  13. Bohm, Peter, 1984. "Revealing demand for an actual public good," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 135-151, July.
  14. Behrman, Jere R & Craig, Steven G, 1987. "The Distribution of Public Services: An Exploration of Local Governmental Preferences," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 77(1), pages 37-49, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Fafchamps, Marcel & Minten, Bart, 2003. "Theft And Rural Poverty: Results Of A Natural Experiment," 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa, International Association of Agricultural Economists 25902, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  2. Marcel Fafchamps & Christine Moser, 2003. "Crime, Isolation, and Law Enforcement," Economics Series Working Papers, University of Oxford, Department of Economics 140, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  3. Bourguignon Francois, 2009. "Crime as a Social Cost of Poverty and Inequality: A Review Focusing on Developing countries," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

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