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Reducing air pollution from urban passenger transport : a framework for policy analysis


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  • Heil, Mark
  • Pargal, Sheoli
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    This paper develops a simple framework to analyze various pollution control strategies that have been used or are proposed in the urban passenger transport sector. The context is the declining quality of air in urban areas, which is among the serious problems associated with the rapid motorization of societies the world over. The paper examines the point of impact of different policy levers and provides a categorization of different instruments that should assist policy makers when choosing between them. A distinguishing feature of this framework is its explicit recognition of behavioral incentives, in particular, the fact that offsetting changes in consumer behavior can often undermine the original intent of particular policies. The paper is organized as follows. Section II presents the basic framework we have used to examine transport emissions. Section III reviews pollutant characteristics and their impact. The resulting policy choices are discussed in more detail in section IV. Several urban transport projects supported by the World Bank are then reviewed in section VI, and section V concludes the report.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1991.

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    Date of creation: 31 Oct 1998
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1991

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    Keywords: Montreal Protocol; Environmental Economics&Policies; Air Quality&Clean Air; Roads&Highways; Public Health Promotion; Roads&Highways; Urban Transport; Transport and Environment; Environmental Economics&Policies; Airports and Air Services;


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    1. Eskeland, Gunnar S & Feyzioglu, Tarhan, 1997. "Rationing Can Backfire: The "Day without a Car" in Mexico City," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 11(3), pages 383-408, September.
    2. Rebelo, Jorge M., 1996. "Essentials for sustainable urban transport in Brazil's large metropolitan areas," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1633, The World Bank.
    3. Onursal, B. & Gautam, S.P., 1997. "Vehicular Air Pollution: Experiences from Seven Latin American Urban Centers," Papers, World Bank - Technical Papers 373, World Bank - Technical Papers.
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