Ecuador's rural nonfarm sector as a route out of poverty
AbstractThe author analyzes a recent household survey for Ecuador to assess the role of the nonagricultural rural sector in reducing poverty. That sector accounts for roughly 40 percent of rural incomes in Ecuador, three-fourths of which comes from nonagricultural enterprises as opposed to wage labor. The sector provides employment to nearly 40 percent of men and 50 percent of economically active women. The nonagricultural rural sector represents a potentially important route out of poverty: Poverty declines as the share of income from nonagricultural sources arises. Nonagricultural employment and earnings are positively associated with higher education levels and better access to infrastructure services. Although women are more likely than men to be employed in this sector, their earnings for given education levels and other household characteristics are significantly lower. All other things equal, the greatest fall in poverty could be expected from expanding employment opportunities in transport, commerce-related activities, and such services as administration and the hotel and restaurant trade.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1904.
Date of creation: 31 Mar 1998
Date of revision:
Labor Policies; Agricultural Knowledge&Information Systems; Health Economics&Finance; Environmental Economics&Policies; Banks&Banking Reform; Banks&Banking Reform; Environmental Economics&Policies; Poverty Assessment; Agricultural Knowledge&Information Systems; Health Economics&Finance;
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