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Did external barriers cause the marginalization of sub-Saharan Africa in world trade?

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  • Amjadi, Azita
  • Reinke, Ulrich
  • Yeats, Alexander
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    Abstract

    OECD barriers did not play a significant role in sub-Saharan Africa's declining position in world trade over the last three decades. The detrimental effects of the African countries'own policies, such as those that influence international transport costs, were considerably more important. However, OECD countries have policy options available that could further improve the external environment for, and competitive position of, African exports. Given the dimensions of rural poverty throughout Africa, and the potential contribution increased agricultural exports could make toward its alleviation, initiatives relating to this sector should have the highest priority. The first chapter of the paper discusses trade and African development prospects. Chapter 2 reviews the destination and composition of African exports. Chapter 3 addresses the OECD tariff barriers facing Africa and chapter 4 the nontariff barriers. Finally, chapter 5 discusses some issues relating to transport costs.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1586.

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    Date of creation: 31 Mar 1996
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1586

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    Keywords: Economic Theory&Research; Trade Policy; Environmental Economics&Policies; Export Competitiveness; Earth Sciences&GIS; Trade Policy; Export Competitiveness; TF054105-DONOR FUNDED OPERATION ADMINISTRATION FEE INCOME AND EXPENSE ACCOUNT; Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies;

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    Cited by:
    1. Limao, Nuno & Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Infrastructure, geographical disadvantage, and transport costs," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2257, The World Bank.
    2. Stephen Redding & Tony Venables, 2002. "Explaining cross-country export performance: international linkages and internal geography," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2173, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Lawrence Edwards & Neil Rankin, 2012. "Is Africa Integrating? Evidence from Product Markets," Working Papers 292, Economic Research Southern Africa.
    4. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Lafourcade, Miren, 2003. "Core-Periphery Patterns of Generalized Transport Costs: France, 1978-98," CEPR Discussion Papers 3958, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Redding, Stephen J & Venables, Anthony J., 2003. "Geography and Export Performance: External Market Access and Internal Supply Capacity," CEPR Discussion Papers 3807, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Ng, Francis & Yeats, Alexander, 1999. "Good governance and trade policy : are they the keys to Africa's global integration and growth?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2038, The World Bank.
    7. Francois, Joseph F & Wooton, Ian, 2001. "Trade in International Transport Services: The Role of Competition," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(2), pages 249-61, May.
    8. Hoekman, Bernard & Michalopoulos, Constantine & Winters, L. alan, 2003. "More favorable and differential treatment of developing countries : toward a new approach in the World Trade Organization," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3107, The World Bank.
    9. Redding, Stephen & Venables, Anthony J., 2003. "South-East Asian export performance: external market access and internal supply capacity," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 404-431, December.

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