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Should East Asia go regional? No, no and maybe

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  • Panagariya, Arvind

Abstract

The author studies the case for three different approaches to regionalism in East Asia. First, he examines closely the only serious attempt at preferential trading in the region - the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which has recently announced plans to form the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA). Conclusion: the costs of such subregional schemes far outweigh their expected benefits. Second, he evaluates the case for a formal East Asian trading bloc along the lines of the European Community, and concludes that although the threat of such a bloc may serve some purpose, its actual execution might be difficult, given the diverse levels of protection across different countries in the region, and the possibility of retaliation from the United States through increased protection against East Asian goods. Third, he examines the case for simultaneous, most favored nation-style, nondiscriminatory regionwide liberalization. The author argues that although such a regional approach may be feasible, the case for it is far from airtight. On the one hand, this approach will face less resistance from the United States, and is likely to promote an open world trading systemin the long run. On the other hand, in the short run it is likely to be resisted because of the adverse effect on terms of trade in the participating countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 1209.

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Date of creation: 31 Oct 1993
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1209

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Keywords: TF054105-DONOR FUNDED OPERATION ADMINISTRATION FEE INCOME AND EXPENSE ACCOUNT; Trade and Regional Integration; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Trade Policy;

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References

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  1. de Melo, Jaime & Panagariya, Arvind & Rodrik, Dani, 1993. "The new regionalism : a country perspective," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1094, The World Bank.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Arvind Panagariya, 2003. "The Regionalism Debate: An Overview," International Trade 0309007, EconWPA.
  2. Dhar, Sumana & Panagariya, Arvind, 1994. "Is East Asia less open than North America and the European Economic Community? No," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1370, The World Bank.
  3. Foroutan, Faezeh, 1998. "Does membership in a regional preferential trade arrangement make a country more or less protectionist?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1898, The World Bank.
  4. Rolf Langhammer, 1995. "Regional integration in East Asia. From market-driven regionalisation to institutionalised regionalism?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 131(1), pages 167-201, March.
  5. Bhattacharya, Swapan K. & Bhattacharyay, Biswa N., 2007. "An empirical analysis on prospects and challenges of BIMSTEC-Japan trade integration," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 509-536, June.
  6. Biswa N Bhattacharyay & Swapan K. Bhattacharya, 2010. "Free Trade Agreement between People’s Republic of China and India: Likely Impact and Its Implications to Asian Economic Community," Working Papers id:3272, eSocialSciences.

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