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Voluntary pension system challenge of expanding coverage

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  • Phuong, Nguyen Thi Thu
  • Castel, Paulette
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    Abstract

    Since 1947, the Vietnam Social Security (VSS) has provided social insurance to public servants and armed forces personnel in Vietnam. In 1995, the Government merged the social insurance unit of the Ministry of labour, invalids and social affairs with that of the Vietnam General Confederation of labor. At the same time the system became mandatory to the employees of the newly developing private sector. The consolidated system is publicly managed by the VSS administration. VSS collects contributions and pay social insurance benefits (in case of sickness and sick leaves, maternity and family planning related leaves, work injury and professional disease, survivorship and to people that reached pension ages). This paper investigates this issue by reviewing the characteristics of employment in Vietnam. It concludes that the risk that social coverage remains limited for many years is high and, presents accordingly some policy options to augment VSS's chances to reach universal coverage in the future.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Social Protection Discussion Papers with number 64277.

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    Date of creation: 15 May 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:64277

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    Related research

    Keywords: Pensions&Retirement Systems; Emerging Markets; Labor Markets; Debt Markets; Labor Policies;

    References

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    1. Pagés, Carmen & Stampini, Marco, 2009. "No education, no good jobs? Evidence on the relationship between education and labor market segmentation," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 387-401, September.
    2. Jackle, Annette E & Li, Carmen A, 2006. "Firm Dynamics and Institutional Participation: A Case Study on Informality of Micro Enterprises in Peru," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(3), pages 557-78, April.
    3. Barr, Abigail & Packard, Truman, 2002. "Revealed preference and self-insurance - Can we learn from the self-employed in Chile?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2754, The World Bank.
    4. Alberto Arenas de Mesa & Jere Behrman & David Bravo, 2001. "Characteristics of and determinants of the density of contributions in a Private Social Security System," Working Papers wp077, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
    5. Marisa Bucheli & Alvaro Forteza & Ianina Rossi, 2007. "Work history and the access to contributory pensions. The case of Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1607, Department of Economics - dECON.
    6. Barrientos, Armando, 2002. "Comparing Pension Schemes in Chile, Singapore, Brazil and South Africa," General Discussion Papers 30560, University of Manchester, Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM).
    7. Francisco Pino & Solange Berstein & Guillermo Larraín, 2006. "Chilean Pension Reform: Coverage Facts and Policy Alternatives," Journal of LACEA Economia, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
    8. Marisa Bucheli & Natalia Ferreira-Coimbra & Alvaro Forteza & Ianina Rossi, 2005. "El acceso a la jubilación o pensión en Uruguay: ¿cuántos y quiénes lo lograrían?," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0106, Department of Economics - dECON.
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    Cited by:
    1. Nguyen Thi Lan Huong & Luu Quan Tuan & Meissner, Matthias & Bui Sy Tuan & Dang Do Quyen & Nguyen Hai Yen, 2013. "Social Protection for the Informal Sector and the Informally Employed in Vietnam: Literature and data review," IEE Working Papers 199, Institut fuer Entwicklungsforschung und Entwicklungspolitik, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum.

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