OECD public pension programmes in crisis : an evaluation of the reform options
AbstractPublic pension programmes in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries are difficulties. With aging populations, and declining participation of working age men in paid work, existing pension arrangements are likely to be unsustainable in the future in many of the richer OECD countries. Indeed, supporting existing pension commitments, even before the'baby boom'generation reaches retirement, has already proved problematic in countries such as Italy. Some governments have already taken steps to tackle the pension issue but there is inevitably conflict over who will bear the burden of retrenchment: will it be current taxpayers, current pensioners, or future generations of taxpayers and pensioners. Perhaps not yet born? This paper considers several issues. It examines the evidence as to whether public pension programmes in some richer OECD countries are indeed in need of major surgery, focusing in particular on the issue of fiscal sustainability. It then considers why programmes have got into financial difficulties. Consideration of this issue provides some clues as to what type of reform process is likely to be viable and credible. The paper then examines the strengths and weakness of some reform strategies. A central issue considered there is whether pension programmes should be funded or unfunded.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Social Protection Discussion Papers with number 20849.
Date of creation: 31 Aug 1999
Date of revision:
Pensions&Retirement Systems; Economic Theory&Research; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Stabilization; Insurance&Risk Mitigation;
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