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Child labor and schooling in Africa : a comparative study

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  • Canagarajah, Sudharshan
  • Nielsen, Helena Skyt

Abstract

This paper analyzes the determinants of child labor in Africa as inferred from recent empirical studies. The empirical analysis is based upon three country studies undertaken in three different African countries, namely Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Zambia. Some support is found for the popular belief of poverty as a determinant of child labor, however other determinants are of similar importance. Among school costs, transportation costs have the greatest effect on child labor and school attendance, whereas the hypothesis of imperfect capital markets and that of household composition generally find some support. Section 2 examines contributions, which explain child labor from the standpoint of economics literature, and derives three specific hypotheses to be tested in the empirical analysis. Section 3 presents some empirical evidence of the extent and the determinants of child labor and school attendance in Africa. The three hypotheses are tested based on evidence from the three African countries. Section 4 concludes with a discussion of the policy implications of the analysis, and puts the findings in perspective of the challenge of developing effective policy interventions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Social Protection Discussion Papers with number 20456.

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Date of creation: 31 Jul 1999
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:20456

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Related research

Keywords: Street Children; Youth and Governance; Children and Youth; Environmental Economics&Policies; Gender and Education;

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Cited by:
  1. World Bank, 2003. "Timor-Leste Poverty Assessment : Poverty in a New Nation - Analysis for Action, Volume 2. Technical Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14817, The World Bank.
  2. Beegle, Kathleen & Dehejia, Rajeev H & Gatti, Roberta, 2005. "Child Labour, Crop Shocks and Credit Constraints," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 4881, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Baland, Jean-Marie & Duprez, Cédric, 2009. "Are labels effective against child labor?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 93(11-12), pages 1125-1130, December.
  4. Hazarika, Gautam & Bedi, Arjun S., 2006. "Child Work and Schooling Costs in Rural Northern India," IZA Discussion Papers 2136, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Drusilla K. Brown & Alan V. Deardorff & Robert M. Stern, 2001. "Child Labor: Theory, Evidence and Policy," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0111, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  6. Steele, Diane, 2005. "Household vulnerability and children's activities : information needed from household surveys to measure their relationship," Social Protection Discussion Papers, The World Bank 32748, The World Bank.
  7. Dehejia, Rajeev H. & Beegle, Kathleen & Gatti, Roberta, 2003. "Child labor, income shocks, and access to credit," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 3075, The World Bank.
  8. Baland, Jean-Marie & Duprez, Cédric, 2007. "Are Fair Trade Labels Effective Against Child Labour?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 6259, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Beegle, Kathleen & Dehejia, Rajeev H. & Gatti, Roberta, 2006. "Child labor and agricultural shocks," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 80-96, October.
  10. Kathleen Beegle & Rajeev Dehejia & Roberta Gatti, 2004. "Why Should We Care About Child Labor? The Education, Labor Market, and Health Consequences of Child Labor," NBER Working Papers 10980, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Nielsen, Helena Skyt & Dubey, Amaresh, 2001. "Child Labor: A Microeconomic Perspective," Working Papers, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics 01-10, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics.
  12. World Bank, 2003. "Timor-Leste Poverty Assessment : Poverty in a New Nation - Analysis for Action, Volume 1. Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14435, The World Bank.

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