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Analysis of poverty in Poland in 1997 - 2000 using hazard models

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  • Natalia Nehrebecka

    ()
    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

  • Agata Kocia

    ()
    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

Abstract

In this work, the size and character of poverty in Poland was studied based on a panel data from CHER (Consortium of Household Panels for European Socio-Economic Research) database for the years 1997 - 2000. The analyses have shown a low households’ dynamic of income in this period. The sum of years spent in poverty as well as different sequences of entry to and exit from poverty suggest a permanence of this phenomenon in the population. During the period studied, the basis for the calculation of the number of years spent in poverty was the rate of exit from and entry to poverty. The calculations were made using a method of analyzing poverty based on hazard models, considering observed and unobserved heterogeneity of individuals in order to “explain” a chance of exit and return to the sphere of poverty.

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File URL: http://www.wne.uw.edu.pl/inf/wyd/WP/WNE_WP19.pdf
File Function: First version, 2009
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw in its series Working Papers with number 2009-09.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:war:wpaper:2009-09

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Related research

Keywords: permanent poverty; hazard models; multi-time episodes; unobserved heterogeneity;

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References

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  1. Dolton, Peter J & van der Klaauw, Wilbert, 1995. "Leaving Teaching in the UK: A Duration Analysis," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(429), pages 431-44, March.
  2. Lorenzo Cappellari & Stephen P. Jenkins, 2004. "Modelling low income transitions," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(5), pages 593-610.
  3. Ann Huff Stevens, 1999. "Climbing out of Poverty, Falling Back in: Measuring the Persistence of Poverty Over Multiple Spells," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(3), pages 557-588.
  4. Devicienti, Francesco, 2002. "Estimating Poverty Persistence in Britain," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2002 61, Royal Economic Society.
  5. Biewen, Martin, 2003. "Who Are the Chronic Poor? Evidence on the Extent and the Composition of Chronic Poverty in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 779, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Francesco Devicienti, 2002. "Poverty persistence in Britain: A multivariate analysis using the BHPS, 1991–1997," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 307-340, December.
  7. Hansen, Jörgen & Wahlberg, Roger, 2004. "Poverty Persistence in Sweden," IZA Discussion Papers 1209, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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