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Changes in Social Security Eligibility and the International Mobility of New Zealand Citizens in Australia

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Author Info

  • Jacques Poot

    ()
    (University of Waikato)

  • Lynda Sanderson

    ()
    (Ministry of Economic Development)

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the international mobility of New Zealanders who migrate to Australia. One in ten New Zealand citizens lives in Australia and their settlement and subsequent mobility is important from demographic, socio-economic and policy perspectives in both countries. Using a unique longitudinal dataset on New Zealand citizens arriving for a stay of 12 months or longer between 1 August 1999 and 31 July 2002, we track all subsequent moves of these migrants out of and back into Australia, up to July 2005. This allows us to assess the impact of the removal of labour market-related social security eligibility and some other policy changes affecting New Zealand migrants to Australia, implemented between February and June 2001. United Kingdom migrants to Australia, who were not affected by the policy changes, provide a ‘control group’. Using hazard models, we find that the policy changes increased the probability of remigration from Australia among those who had intended to settle permanently. Competing risk models suggested no difference between the impact of the policy changes on onward or return moves. Settlers arriving after the policy changes spend less time Australia and make more trips away than earlier migrants.

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File URL: ftp://mngt.waikato.ac.nz/RePEc/wai/pscdps/dp-65.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre in its series Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers with number dp-65.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 20 Jun 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wai:pscdps:dp-65

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Related research

Keywords: International Migration; International Travel; New Zealand; Australia; United Kingdom; Social Welfare; Immigration Policy; Selectivity;

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References

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  1. Sarah Hillcoat-Nallétamby & A. Dharmalingam, 2004. "Solidarity across generations in New Zealand: factors influencing parental support for children within a three-generational context," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers dp-46, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
  2. Jacques Poot & Lynda Sanderson, 2007. "Changes in social security eligibility and the international mobility of New Zealand citizens in Australia," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 0712, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Jacques Poot, 2007. "Demographic Change and Regional Competitiveness: The Effects of Immigration and Ageing," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers dp-64, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
  4. Simonetta Longhi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2005. "A Meta-Analytic Assessment of the Effect of Immigration on Wages," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 451-477, 07.
  5. Jacques Poot, 2005. "Measuring the Economic Impact of Immigration: A Scoping Paper," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers dp-48, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
  6. Sandra Baxendine & Bill Cochrane & Jacques Poot, 2005. "Demographic Change and Transport Needs in the Waikato Region," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers dp-51, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
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Cited by:
  1. Jacques Poot & Lynda Sanderson, 2007. "Changes in Social Security Eligibility and the International Mobility of New Zealand Citizens in Australia," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers dp-65, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
  2. Jacques Poot, 2009. "Trans-Tasman Migration, Transnationalism and Economic Development in Australasia," Working Papers 09_05, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
  3. Jacques Poot & Anna Strutt, 2009. "International Trade Agreements and International Migration," Working Papers in Economics 09/06, University of Waikato, Department of Economics.

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