Estimating Firm-Level Effective Tax Rates and the User Cost of Capital in New Zealand
AbstractEffective marginal tax rates can be very different from the statutory rate and vary across firms, reflecting such factors as the extent and nature of taxable deductions (losses, depreciation), asset and ownership structures, and debt/equity financing. We estimate firm-specific EMTRs and related user cost of capital (UCC) measures allowing for shareholder-level taxation using data for 2000-2010 from the Longitudinal Business Database. Examining distributions of various UCC measures we find substantial firm-level heterogeneity; systematic changes as a result of tax reforms between 2004 and 2011; and systematic differences between foreignowned and domestically-owned firms. Choices among alternative UCC measures make a difference to interpretations.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Victoria University of Wellington, Chair in Public Finance in its series Working Paper Series with number 2854.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
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Tax rates; Taxable deductions; Companies;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-07-20 (All new papers)
- NEP-CWA-2013-07-20 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-PBE-2013-07-20 (Public Economics)
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