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When do venture capital firm learn from their portfolio companies?

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Author Info

  • Dirk De Clercq

    ()

  • Harry Sapienza

    (Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School)

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    Abstract

    In this study we examine when venture capital firms (VCFs) learn from their portfolio companies (PFCs). Relying primarily on learning and behavioral theories, we develop hypotheses regarding the effects of prior experience, knowledge overlap, trust, and PFC performance on learning by VCFs. We use a combination of primary and secondary data from 298 U.S.-based VCFs to test the hypotheses. Interview data are used to illuminate the results and to guide our discussion of implications. Many of our results were surprising. For example, we found that the VCF's overall experience is negatively related to VCF learning, and we found trust in VCF-PFC dyads also negatively associated with VCF learning. Whereas we expected to observe a curvilinear relationship between knowledge overlap and learning, we found that lower levels of knowledge of overlap were associated with greater learning in a linear fashion. Finally, we found that VCFs perceive greater learning to occur in higher performing PFCs. We discuss the limitations and implications of our findings, and also suggest avenues for future research.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School in its series Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School Working Paper Series with number 2004-03.

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    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: 02 Apr 2004
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:vlg:vlgwps:2004-03

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