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Tracing the dynamics of competition: Evidence from company profits

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Abstract

This paper proposes a simple approach to analyzing pro¯t dynam- ics which allows for time-varying persistence of pro¯ts. The time se- ries model is a simple autoregressive process where the dynamics of the persistence parameter follow an autoregressive or random walk pro- cess. Using the longest time series available on pro¯ts for six US ¯rms (Archer-Daniels-Midland , Avon, Coca Cola, Johnson & Johnson, WHX Corporation andWrigley), we analyze the dynamics of pro¯t persistence for the second half of the twentieth century.

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Paper provided by University of Vienna, Department of Economics in its series Vienna Economics Papers with number 0504.

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Date of creation: Mar 2005
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Handle: RePEc:vie:viennp:0504

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Web page: http://www.univie.ac.at/vwl

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  1. Goddard, J. A. & Wilson, J. O. S., 1999. "The persistence of profit: a new empirical interpretation," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 663-687, July.
  2. B. Burcin Yurtoglu, 2004. "Persistence of firm-level profitability in Turkey," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 615-625.
  3. Jesus Crespo Cuaresma & Adelina Gschwandtner, 2006. "The competitive environment hypothesis revisited: non-linearity, nonstationarity and profit persistence," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(4), pages 465-472.
  4. Odagiri, Hiroyuki & Yamawaki, Hideki, 1986. "A study of company profit-rate time series : Japan and the United States," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 1-23, March.
  5. Mueller, Dennis C, 1977. "The Persistence of Profits above the Norm," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 44(176), pages 369-80, November.
  6. Adelina Gschwandtner, 2004. "Evolution of Profit Persistence in the US: Evidence from four 20-years periods," Vienna Economics Papers 0410, University of Vienna, Department of Economics.
  7. Glen, Jack & Lee, Kevin & Singh, Ajit, 2001. "Persistence of profitability and competition in emerging markets," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 247-253, August.
  8. Adelina Gschwandtner, 2005. "Profit persistence in the 'very' long run: evidence from survivors and exiters," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(7), pages 793-806.
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Cited by:
  1. Canarella, Giorgio & Miller, Stephen M. & Nourayi, Mahmoud M., 2013. "Firm profitability: Mean-reverting or random-walk behavior?," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 76-97.
  2. Adelina Gschwandtner & Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, 2008. "Explaining the persistence of profits: A time-varying approach," Vienna Economics Papers 0806, University of Vienna, Department of Economics.
  3. Muravyev, Alexander & Talavera, Oleksandr & Weir, Charlie, 2014. "Performance Effects of Appointing Other Firms' Executive Directors to Corporate Boards: An Analysis of UK Firms," IZA Discussion Papers 7962, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Andrea Vaona, 2010. "On the gravitation and convergence of industry profit rates in Denmark, Finland, Italy and the US," Working Papers 02/2010, University of Verona, Department of Economics.

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