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Monotone Methods for Equilibrium Selection under Perfect Foresight Dynamics

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This paper studies equilibrium selection in supermodular games based on perfect foresight dynamics. A normal form game is played repeatedly in a large society of rational agents. There are frictions: opportunities to revise actions follow independent Poison processes. Each agent forms his belief about the future evolution of the action distribution in the society, and takes an action that maximizes his expected discounted payoff. A perfect foresight path is defined to be a feasible path of the action distribution along which every agent with a revision opportunity takes a best response to this path itself. A Nash equilibrium is said to be absorbing if any perfect foresight path converges to this equilibrium whenever the initial distribution is suffciently close to the equilibrium; a Nash equilibrium is said to be globally accessible if for each initial distribution, there exists a perfect foresight path converging to this equilibrium. By exploiting the monotone structure of the dynamics, the unique Nash equilibrium that is absorbing and globally accessible for any small degree of friction is identified for certain classes of supermodular games. For games with monotone potentials, the selection of the monotone potential maximizer is obtained. Complete characterizations for absorption and global accessibiltiy are given for binary supermodular games. An example demonstrates that unanimity games may have multiple globally accessible equilibria for a small friction.

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Paper provided by University of Vienna, Department of Economics in its series Vienna Economics Papers with number 0318.

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Date of creation: Nov 2003
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Handle: RePEc:vie:viennp:0318

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Cited by:
  1. Oyama, Daisuke & Tercieux, Olivier, 2004. "Iterated Potential and Robustness of Equilibria," MPRA Paper 1599, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Oyama, Daisuke, 2006. "History versus Expectations in Economic Geography Reconsidered," MPRA Paper 9287, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Calcagno, Riccardo & Sugaya, Takuo & Kamada, Yuichiro & Lovo, Stefano, 0. "Asynchronicity and coordination in common and opposing interest games," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society.
  4. Honda, Jun, 2011. "Noise-independent selection in global games and monotone potential maximizer: A symmetric 3×3 example," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(6), pages 663-669.
  5. Okada, Daijiro & Tercieux, Olivier, 2012. "Log-linear dynamics and local potential," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 147(3), pages 1140-1164.
  6. Candogan, Ozan & Ozdaglar, Asuman & Parrilo, Pablo A., 2013. "Dynamics in near-potential games," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 66-90.
  7. Matsui, Akihiko & Oyama, Daisuke, 2006. "Rationalizable foresight dynamics," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 299-322, August.
  8. Hiroshi Uno, 2007. "Nested Potential Games," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 3(19), pages 1-8.
  9. Daisuke Oyama & Satoru Takahashi & Josef Hofbauer, 2011. "Perfect foresight dynamics in binary supermodular games," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 7(3), pages 251-267, 09.
  10. Daisuke Oyama & Satoru Takahashi, 2009. "Monotone and local potential maximizers in symmetric 3x3 supermodular games," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(3), pages 2123-2135.
  11. Oyama, Daisuke, 2006. "Agglomeration under Forward-Looking Expectations: Potentials and Global Stability," MPRA Paper 15239, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:3:y:2007:i:19:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. J. Durieu & P. Solal & O. Tercieux, 2011. "Adaptive learning and p-best response sets," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 735-747, November.
  14. Takahashi, Satoru, 2008. "The number of pure Nash equilibria in a random game with nondecreasing best responses," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 328-340, May.
  15. Fujishima, Shota, 2013. "Evolutionary implementation of optimal city size distributions," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 404-410.

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