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Vertical foreign direct investment, welfare, and employment

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Abstract

This paper shows that vertical foreign direct investemt will reduce prices but the aggregate welfare effect is unambiguaously positive only under free market entry. Using a standard model of imperfect competition, we develop this result by considering two different cases. In the first case, the total number of firms is ficed, and we show that national and multinational firms may coexist. In the second case, we allow for market entry, and we focus on situations in which either only national or only multinational firms are active. Furthermore, we discuss impact effects on labor demand. We show that a decline in foreign wages increases domestic employment.

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File URL: http://homepage.univie.ac.at/Papers.Econ/RePEc/vie/viennp/vie0213.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Vienna, Department of Economics in its series Vienna Economics Papers with number 0213.

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Date of creation: Oct 2002
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Handle: RePEc:vie:viennp:0213

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Web page: http://www.univie.ac.at/vwl

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  1. De Santis, Roberto A & Frank Stahler, 2002. "Endogenous Market Structures and the Gains from Foreign Direct Investment," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2002 56, Royal Economic Society.
  2. repec:fth:iniesr:490 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Paul Krugman, 1995. "Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 327-377.
  4. James R. Markusen & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Multinational Firms and The New Trade Theory," NBER Working Papers 5036, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Markusen, James R & Maskus, Keith E, 2002. "Discriminating among Alternative Theories of the Multinational Enterprise," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(4), pages 694-707, November.
  6. S. Baranzoni & P. Bianchi & L. Lambertini, 2000. "Market Structure," Working Papers 368, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  7. Blomstrom, Magnus & Fors, Gunnar & Lipsey, Robert E, 1997. "Foreign Direct Investment and Employment: Home Country Experience in the United States and Sweden," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(445), pages 1787-97, November.
  8. Kevin H. Zhang & James R. Markusen, 1997. "Vertical Multinationals and Host-Country Characteristics," NBER Working Papers 6203, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Bruce A. Blonigen, 1999. "In Search of Substitution Between Foreign Production and Exports," NBER Working Papers 7154, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. James R. Markusen, 1998. "Multinational Firms, Location and Trade," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(6), pages 733-756, 08.
  11. Mills, David E. & Smith, William, 1996. "It pays to be different: Endogenous heterogeneity of firms in an oligopoly," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 317-329, May.
  12. Markusen, James R., 1984. "Multinationals, multi-plant economies, and the gains from trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3-4), pages 205-226, May.
  13. Ignatius J. Horstmann & James R. Markusen, 1990. "Endogenous Market Structures in International Trade," NBER Working Papers 3283, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. S. Lael Brainard & David A. Riker, 1997. "Are U.S. Multinationals Exporting U.S. Jobs?," NBER Working Papers 5958, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration," NBER Working Papers 4269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Findlay, Ronald, 1978. "Relative Backwardness, Direct Foreign Investment, and the Transfer of Technology: A Simple Dynamic Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 92(1), pages 1-16, February.
  17. Horstmann, Ignatius J. & Markusen, James R., 1992. "Endogenous market structures in international trade (natura facit saltum)," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1-2), pages 109-129, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Georg Götz, 2002. "Existence, Uniqueness, and Symmetry of Free-Entry Cournot Equilibrium: The Importance of Market Size and Technoligy Choice," Vienna Economics Papers 0214, University of Vienna, Department of Economics.
  2. Felipa de Mello-Sampayo & Sofia de Sousa-Vale & Francisco Camões & Orlando Gomes, 2010. "Proteccionism under R&D Policy: Innovation Rate and Welfare," Working Papers Series 1 ercwp0210, ISCTE-IUL, Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL).
  3. TOULEMONDE, Eric, . "Multinationals: Too many or too few? The proximity-concentration trade-off," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2044, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Felipa de Mello-Sampayo & Sofia de Sousa-Vale & Francisco Camões, 2007. "Accelerating Innovation: National R&D Subsidies versus Foreign R&D Tax Credits," Working Papers Series 1 ercwp0108, ISCTE-IUL, Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL).

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