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Fertility Intentions and Preferences: Effects of Structural and Financial Incentives and Constraints in Austria

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  • Henriette Engelhardt
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    Abstract

    Taking as a starting point the low period fertility rates in Austria, this paper addresses the question to which extent the low period fertility rates in Austria can be accounted for by effects of structural and financial measures. Using data from the Austrian Population Policy Acceptance Survey 2001 we analyse the effects of these two publicly controversial discussed incentives on the desired total number of children, on wanting no (more) children, and on fertility aspirations under the implementation of certain public policies. Based on zero-inflated Poisson models we ¯nd that only structural constraints have an effect on the desired number of children, while financial constraints have no effect. Logistic regression results suggest that neither structural nor ¯financial factors affect the desire for wanting (more) children. Concerning the fertility aspiration under the implementation of certain policy measures our results based on matching methods indicate that both structural and financial incentives would have an effect on thinking about having a(nother) child, on deciding to have a(nother) child, as well as on having the first/next child sooner. However, at parity zero financial incentives seemed to be more important, while at parity one especially structural incentives are the driven force of fertility aspirations.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna in its series Working Papers with number 0402.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: May 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:vid:wpaper:0402

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    Web page: http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/

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    1. Elizabeth Thomson & Elaine McDonald & Larry Bumpass, 1990. "Fertility desires and fertility: Hers, his, and theirs," Demography, Springer, vol. 27(4), pages 579-588, November.
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    8. Jan M. Hoem & Alexia Prskawetz & Gerda R. Neyer, 2001. "Autonomy or conservative adjustment? The effect of public policies and educational attainment on third births in Austria," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2001-016, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    9. S. Morgan, 1981. "Intention and uncertainty at later stages of childbearing: the united states 1965 and 1970," Demography, Springer, vol. 18(3), pages 267-285, August.
    10. James J. Heckman & V. Joseph Hotz & James R. Walker, . "New Evidence on the Timing and Spacing of Births," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 85-1, Chicago - Population Research Center.
    11. Anne H. Gauthier, 2002. "Family Policies in Industrialized Countries: Is There Convergence?," Population (english edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 57(3), pages 447-474.
    12. Becker, Gary S & Lewis, H Gregg, 1973. "On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(2), pages S279-88, Part II, .
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