Habits, Complementarities and Heterogenenity in Alcohol and Tobacco Demand: A Multivariate Dynamic Model
AbstractIn this paper we test the existence of rational habit formation in a multivariate model for alcohol and tobacco consumption. The theoretical framework, based on a dynamic adjustment cost model with forward-looking behaviour, is enhanced to include the intertemporal interactions between the two goods. The analysis of the within-period preferences completes the intertemporal model, allowing to evaluate the static substitutability/complementarity relationships. The empirical strategy consists in a two step estimation procedure. In the first stage, the parameters of the demand system are obtained, while in a second stage Euler equations are estimated by a dynamic fixed-effects panel data model. Estimation results, based on a cohort dataset constructed from a series of crosssections of the ISTAT Italian Household Budget Survey, reveal a significant complementarity relationship between alcohol and tobacco. The Euler system estimation does not reject the hypothesis of intertemporal dependence, providing support for a forward-looking behaviour in alcohol and tobacco consumption. Moreover, we find significant intertemporal interactions for tobacco adjustments, while alcohol consumption seems to follow only its own adjustment dynamics.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Verona, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 38.
Date of creation: Jun 2007
Date of revision:
alcohol and tobacco consumption; cohort data; adjustment cost model; intertemporal interactions; GMM.;
Other versions of this item:
- David Aristei & Luca Pieroni, 2010. "Habits, Complementarities and Heterogeneity in Alcohol and Tobacco Demand: A Multivariate Dynamic Model," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 72(4), pages 428-457, 08.
- D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
- D91 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice - - - Intertemporal Household Choice; Life Cycle Models and Saving
- C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
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