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Profit rate dynamics, income distribution, structural and technical change in Denmark, Finland and Italy

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  • Andrea Vaona

    ()
    (Department of Economics (University of Verona))

Abstract

Under less restrictive assumptions than in previous contributions, this paper highlights various general patterns of profit rate dynamics. Without a substantial re-distribution of income in favour of profits, the profit rate declines. When labour productivity is weak the profits/wages ratio declines leading to a decline in the profit rate, also due to capital deepening. Developments in the capital-labour ratio tend to increase the organic composition of capital while those in the ratio between the capital price deflator and the average wage tend to decrease it. Falls in the profit rate took place in countries with a weak technological change with episodes of Marxian bias. Employment shifted from low to high capital intensity sectors, from low to high organic composition industries and from low to high productivity sectors. Rising strength of labour and realization failures tend to have a greater role than rising organic composition in cyclical profit rate dynamics. Over the cycle, the first mechanism is also the first one to show up, while the others tend to follow it.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Verona, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 11/2010.

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Length: 69
Date of creation: Jul 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ver:wpaper:11/2010

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Keywords: Profits; Wages; Labour productivity; Organic composition of capital; Capital intensity;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Andrea Vaona, 2012. "Price-price deviations are highly persistent - extended version," Working Papers 08/2012, University of Verona, Department of Economics.
  2. Magnani, Natalia & Vaona, Andrea, 2013. "Regional spillover effects of renewable energy generation in Italy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 663-671.
  3. Alice Tescari & Andrea Vaona, 2012. "Gender employment disparities, financialization and profitability dynamics on the eve of Italy's long crisis," Working Papers 22/2012, University of Verona, Department of Economics.

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