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Electric cars as a means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions: methods, results and policy implications in Germany

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Author Info

  • Jens Weinmann

    ()
    (European School of Management and Technology, Berlin)

  • Jérôme MASSIANI

    (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari)

Abstract

Electric vehicles are usually perceived by policy makers and the general public as an attractive means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this paper we provide a rigorous assessment of the emissions resulting from the diffusion of electric vehicles. We make use of EMOB, a comprehensive model that provides a forecast and evaluation of alternative fuel vehicles diffusion in Germany in the next decades. As far as computation of emissions is concerned, our method differs from existing one by a “pivotal marginal” or “hourly marginal” emission computation that takes into account the predicted long-term time pattern of EV reloading. We obtain non-tailpipe emissions of around 75 g/km in 2020. Additionally, our findings cast serious doubts on the general claim that electric cars could be fed in with renewable energy in general, and with fluctuating excess supply of renewables (wind, solar) in particular.

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File URL: http://www.unive.it/media/allegato/DIP/Economia/Working_papers/Working_papers_2012/WP_DSE_massiani_weinmann_21_12.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari" in its series Working Papers with number 2012_21.

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Length: 18
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision: 2012
Handle: RePEc:ven:wpaper:2012_21

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Related research

Keywords: electric vehicles; CO2 emissions; generation portfolio; non tail-pipe emission;

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  1. Frank M. Bass, 1969. "A New Product Growth for Model Consumer Durables," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 15(5), pages 215-227, January.
  2. Hawkes, A.D., 2010. "Estimating marginal CO2 emissions rates for national electricity systems," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 5977-5987, October.
  3. Kyle, Page & Kim, Son H., 2011. "Long-term implications of alternative light-duty vehicle technologies for global greenhouse gas emissions and primary energy demands," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 3012-3024, May.
  4. Doucette, Reed T. & McCulloch, Malcolm D., 2011. "Modeling the CO2 emissions from battery electric vehicles given the power generation mixes of different countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 803-811, February.
  5. Bettle, R. & Pout, C.H. & Hitchin, E.R., 2006. "Interactions between electricity-saving measures and carbon emissions from power generation in England and Wales," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(18), pages 3434-3446, December.
  6. Fredrik Carlsson & Olof Johansson-Stenman, 2003. "Costs and Benefits of Electric Vehicles," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, London School of Economics and University of Bath, vol. 37(1), pages 1-28, January.
  7. Thiel, Christian & Perujo, Adolfo & Mercier, Arnaud, 2010. "Cost and CO2 aspects of future vehicle options in Europe under new energy policy scenarios," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 7142-7151, November.
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