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Syphilis Cycles

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Author Info

  • David Aadland

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Wyoming)

  • David Finnoff

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Wyoming)

  • Kevin X.D. Huang

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University)

Abstract

Syphilis has re-emerged as a global public health issue. In lesser developed countries, millions of people are contracting the disease, which can be fatal without access to proper treatment. In developed countries, prevalence is on the rise and has cycled around endemic levels for decades. We investigate syphilis dynamics by extending the classic SIRS epidemiological model to incorporate forward-looking, rational individuals and the AIDS epidemic. The integrated economic-epidemiological model shows that human preferences over health and sexual activity are central to the nature of syphilis cycles. We find that low-activity individuals will behave in a manner that significantly dampen the cycles, while high-activity individuals will tend to exacerbate the cycles, a phenomenon we refer to as rational dynamic resonance. The model also provides insights into two failed attempts by the U.S. government to eradicate syphilis from the U.S. population.

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File URL: http://www.accessecon.com/pubs/VUECON/vu10-w06.pdf
File Function: First version, May 2010
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Vanderbilt University Department of Economics in its series Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers with number 1006.

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Date of creation: May 2010
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Handle: RePEc:van:wpaper:1006

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Web page: http://www.vanderbilt.edu/econ/wparchive/index.html

Related research

Keywords: syphilis; AIDS; disease; eradication; cycles; fatalism; dynamic resonance; SIRS;

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References

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  1. Goldman, Steven M. & Lightwood, James, 1996. "Cost Optimization in the SIS Model of Infectious Disease with Treatment," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley qt0r88q87t, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  2. Gersovitz, Mark & Hammer, Jeffrey S., 2005. "Tax/subsidy policies toward vector-borne infectious diseases," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 89(4), pages 647-674, April.
  3. Mark Gersovitz & Jeffrey S. Hammer, 2004. "The Economical Control of Infectious Diseases," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(492), pages 1-27, 01.
  4. Kremer, Michael, 1996. "Integrating Behavioral Choice into Epidemiological Models of AIDS," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 111(2), pages 549-73, May.
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  6. M. Christopher Auld, 1996. "Choices, Beliefs, and Infectious Disease Dynamics," Working Papers, Queen's University, Department of Economics 938, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  7. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-55, March-Apr.
  8. Ehrlich, Isaac & Becker, Gary S, 1972. "Market Insurance, Self-Insurance, and Self-Protection," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(4), pages 623-48, July-Aug..
  9. Peltzman, Sam, 1975. "The Effects of Automobile Safety Regulation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(4), pages 677-725, August.
  10. Viscusi, W Kip, 1990. "Do Smokers Underestimate Risks?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(6), pages 1253-69, December.
  11. Michael Kremer, 1996. "Integrating Behavioral Choice into Epidemiological Models of the AIDS Epidemic," NBER Working Papers 5428, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Geoffard, Pierre-Yves & Philipson, Tomas, 1996. "Rational Epidemics and Their Public Control," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 37(3), pages 603-24, August.
  13. Momota, Akira & Tabata, Ken & Futagami, Koichi, 2005. "Infectious disease and preventive behavior in an overlapping generations model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(10), pages 1673-1700, October.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Syphilis cannot be eradicated
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2010-12-20 15:52:00
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Cited by:
  1. David Aadland & David Finnoff & Kevin x.d. Huang, 2013. "The Equilibrium Dynamics of Economic Epidemiology," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics 13-00003, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
  2. Toxvaerd, Flavio, 2010. "Recurrent Infection and Externalities in Prevention," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 8112, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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  1. Economic Logic blog

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