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Optimum Tariffs and Retaliation: How Country Numbers Matter

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  • Ben Zissimos

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University)

Abstract

This paper identifies a new terms-of-trade externality that is exercised through tariff setting. A North-South model of international trade is introduced in which the number of countries in each region can be varied. As the number of countries in one region is increased, each government there competes more aggressively with the others in its region, by lowering its tariff, to attract imports from the other region. In doing so, all countries in a region exert a negative terms-of-trade externality on each other, collectively undermining their own terms of trade and welfare. This externality can increase efficiency if the numbers of countries in both regions are increased simultaneously.

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File URL: http://www.accessecon.com/pubs/VUECON/vu09-w04.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Vanderbilt University Department of Economics in its series Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers with number 0904.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:van:wpaper:0904

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Web page: http://www.vanderbilt.edu/econ/wparchive/index.html

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Keywords: Comparative statics; efficiency; North-South; tariff war; terms of trade;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Francis Bloch & Ben Zissimos, 2008. "Optimum Tariffs and Retaliation: How Country Numbers Matter," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 0802, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
  2. Yoshitomo Ogawa, 2012. "The structure of Nash equilibrium tariffs," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 51(1), pages 139-161, September.

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