Inequality in Child Academic Achievement in Single Parent Households: Evidence from Brazil
AbstractIn this paper we compare the intra-household dispersion of childrenï¿½s education achievement in single female-parent households with two-parent households. We find significantly more dispersion across children in householdsï¿½ headed by females after controlling for household per-capita permanent income and other anticipated correlates. These results are robust and suggest that single-female parents are forced to alter the distribution as well as the level of household investment in children. Our empirical analysis is preceded by development of a theoretical model that suggests the correlation between the intra-household dispersion of academic achievement and single-parenthood may be general; i.e., not specific to Brazil. These results may have important policy implications for the interventions and incentives that target single parent households.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Vanderbilt University Department of Economics in its series Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers with number 0425.
Date of creation: Dec 2004
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Web page: http://www.vanderbilt.edu/econ/wparchive/index.html
Human capital distribution; intra-household allocation; single-parent household;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
- I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-01-23 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2005-01-23 (Education)
- NEP-URE-2005-01-23 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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