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Intergenerational Mobility under Private vs. Public Education

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This paper analyzes intergenerational earnings mobility in a model where human capital is produced using schooling and parental time. In steady-states more mobile societies have less inequality, but in the short run higher mobility may result from an increase in inequalilty. Starting from the same inequality, mobility is higher under public than under private education. A rise in income shocks, for example due to increased returns to ability, or a switch from public to private schooling both increase inequality. However, increased shocks raise mobility in the short run and do not affect it in the long run, whereas an increased role for private schooling reduces mobility in both the short and long run. That these differences may help to identify the source of changes in inequality, and other real-world implications, are illustrated in a brief discussion of time trends and cross-country differences.

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File URL: http://economics.uwo.ca/epri/workingpapers_docs/wp2003/Davies04.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Western Ontario, Economic Policy Research Institute in its series University of Western Ontario, Economic Policy Research Institute Working Papers with number 20034.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:uwo:epuwoc:20034

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Postal: Economic Policy Research Institute, Social Science Centre, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5C2
Phone: 519-661-2111 Ext.85244
Web page: http://economics.uwo.ca/research/research_papers/epri_workingpapers.html

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Keywords: mobility; inequality; education regimes;

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  1. Saint-Paul, Gilles & Verdier, Thierry, 1992. "Education, Democracy and Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 613, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  13. Zhang, Jie, 1996. " Optimal Public Investments in Education and Endogenous Growth," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 98(3), pages 387-404.
  14. Iyigun, Murat F, 1999. "Public Education and Intergenerational Economic Mobility," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 40(3), pages 697-710, August.
  15. Owen, Ann L. & Weil, David N., 1998. "Intergenerational earnings mobility, inequality and growth," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 71-104, February.
  16. Shorrocks, Anthony F., 1993. "On the Hart measure of income mobility," ISER Working Paper Series 20, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  17. Loury, Glenn C, 1981. "Intergenerational Transfers and the Distribution of Earnings," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 843-67, June.
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  19. Peter Gottschalk, 1997. "Inequality, Income Growth, and Mobility: The Basic Facts," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 21-40, Spring.
  20. Checchi, Daniele & Ichino, Andrea & Rustichini, Aldo, 1999. "More equal but less mobile?: Education financing and intergenerational mobility in Italy and in the US," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(3), pages 351-393, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Milanovic, Branko, 2008. "Where in the world are you ? Assessing the importance of circumstance and effort in a world of different mean country incomes and (almost) no migration," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4493, The World Bank.
  2. Ryo Arawatari & Tetsuo Ono, 2009. "Inequality, Mobility and Redistributive Politics," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 09-12, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
  3. Sandra E. Black & Paul J. Devereux, 2010. "Recent Developments in Intergenerational Mobility," Working Papers 201025, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  4. Andrea Ichino & Loukas Karabarbounis & Enrico Moretti, 2010. "The Political Economy of Intergenerational Income Mobility," NBER Working Papers 15946, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. C. Fan & Jie Zhang, 2013. "Differential fertility and intergenerational mobility under private versus public education," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 907-941, July.
  6. Ryo Arawatari & Tetsuo Ono, 2009. "Inequality, Mobility and Redistributive Taxation in a Finance-constrained Economy," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 09-28, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
  7. Sajid Amin Javed & Mohammad Irfan, 2012. "Intergenerational Mobility: Evidence from Pakistan Panel Household Survey," Poverty and Social Dynamics Paper Series 2012:05, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  8. Michele Bernasconi & Paola Profeta, 2007. "Redistribution or Education? The Political Economy of the Social Race," CESifo Working Paper Series 1934, CESifo Group Munich.

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