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Labour Taxes and Work Hours in Australia

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  • Anton Hallam
  • Ernst Juerg Weber

    ()
    (UWA Business School, The University of Western Australia)

Abstract

In the 1970s, work hours in Europe were similar to work hours in America, but today Europeans work less than Americans. Prescott (2004) attributes the decline in European work hours to an increase in the effective marginal tax rate on labour income. The Australian labour market experience confirms that the taxation of labour income is an important determinant of the decision to work. In Australia taxes and work hours did not change much in the long-run, but Australian work hours rebounded after a temporary increase in taxes in the 1980s. The resilience of Australian work hours suggests that a return to the tax rates of the 1970s would restore the European labour supply.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The University of Western Australia, Department of Economics in its series Economics Discussion / Working Papers with number 07-09.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uwa:wpaper:07-09

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  1. Conny Olovsson, 2004. "Why do Europeans Work so Little?," 2004 Meeting Papers 760, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Stephen Nickell, 2004. "Employment and Taxes," CEP Discussion Papers dp0634, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  3. Edward C. Prescott, 2004. "Why do Americans work so much more than Europeans?," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Jul, pages 2-13.
  4. Daniel Feenberg & Elisabeth Coutts, 1993. "An introduction to the TAXSIM model," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(1), pages 189-194.
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Cited by:
  1. Paul Frijters & David W. Johnston & Michael A. Shields, 2012. "The Optimality of Tax Transfers: What does Life Satisfaction Data Tell Us?," Discussion Papers Series 450, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.

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