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Do Ex-Dividend Drop-Offs Differ Across Markets? Evidence from Internationally Traded (ADR) Stocks

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Author Info

  • VT Alaganar
  • Graham Partington

    (Discipline of Finance, University of Sydney)

  • Max Stevenson

    (Discipline of Finance, University of Sydney)

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates whether the ex-dividend drop-offs for ADRs differ from the ex-dividend drop-offs of their underlying Australian stocks. An expected source of difference in the valuation of dividends, and hence in the drop-offs, is the availability of imputation tax credits to Australian resident investors. Valuation differences across markets present an arbitrage opportunity, but we hypothesize that transactions costs and risk will inhibit arbitrage and that the valuation difference will persist. Our results are consistent with this hypothesis. The ADRs have lower drop-offs and behave more like stocks taxed under a classical system than the underlying Australian stocks.

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    File URL: http://www.finance.uts.edu.au/research/wpapers/wp92.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney in its series Working Paper Series with number 92.

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    Date of creation: 01 Oct 1999
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:uts:wpaper:92

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    Related research

    Keywords: ex-dividend; ADR; drop-off ratio; imputation tax; arbitrage;

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    References

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    1. Murray Frank & Ravi Jagannathan, 1997. "Why do stock prices drop by less than the value of the dividend? Evidence from a country without taxes," Staff Report 229, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    2. John H. Boyd & Ravi Jagannathan, 1994. "Ex-dividend price behavior of common stocks," Staff Report 173, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    3. Elton, Edwin J & Gruber, Martin J, 1970. "Marginal Stockholder Tax Rates and the Clientele Effect," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 52(1), pages 68-74, February.
    4. Lakonishok, Josef & Vermaelen, Theo, 1986. "Tax-induced trading around ex-dividend days," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 287-319, July.
    5. Bali, Rakesh & Hite, Gailen L., 1998. "Ex dividend day stock price behavior: discreteness or tax-induced clienteles?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 127-159, February.
    6. Michaely, Roni & Vila, Jean-Luc, 1996. "Trading Volume with Private Valuation: Evidence from the Ex-dividend Day," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 9(2), pages 471-509.
    7. Karpoff, Jonathan M. & Walkling, Ralph A., 1988. "Short-term trading around ex-dividend days : Additional evidence," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 291-298, September.
    8. Eades, Kenneth M & Hess, Patrick J & Kim, E Han, 1994. " Time-Series Variation in Dividend Pricing," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(5), pages 1617-38, December.
    9. Rosenthal, Leonard, 1983. "An empirical test of the efficiency of the ADR market," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 17-29, March.
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    Cited by:
    1. Hamish D. Anderson & Lawrence C. Rose & Steven F. Cahan, 2004. "Odd-lot Costs and Taxation Influences on Stock Dividend Ex-dates," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(9-10), pages 1419-1448.

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