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Socio-economic drivers of biological invasions. A worldwide, bio-geographical analysis of trade flows and local environmental quality

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  • Giaccaria Sergio

    ()

  • Dalmazzone Silvana

    ()
    (University of Turin)

Abstract

The introduction of harmful non-indigenous species has long been acknowledged to depend both on the propagule pressure imposed by the openness to international trade, and on the health of the receiving ecosystem, largely determined by the level of anthropogenic disturbance due to local economic activities. We estimate the relative weight of the socio-economic drivers of biological invasions, for 115 countries in all continents and for invasive species of all taxa. Our results confirm the theoretical prior of trade, agricultural imports in primis, as an important driver of biological invasions, but also shed more light on the factors of disturbance to local ecosystems that emerge as playing an even more important role. We then develop an analytical model linking introductions of invasive species to import volumes disaggregated by country of origin, and weighted by bioclimatic similarity between source and destination country of the trade flow. The results allow us to identify the relative risk of biological invasions entailed by different directions of trade among 134 countries aggregated in geographic regions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Turin in its series Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers with number 201003.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uto:dipeco:201003

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  1. Rodríguez-Labajos, Beatriz & Binimelis, Rosa & Monterroso, Iliana, 2009. "Multi-level driving forces of biological invasions," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 63-75, November.
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  6. Hlasny, Vladimir & Livingston, Michael J., 2008. "Economic Determinants of Invasion and Discovery of Nonindigenous Insects," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 40(01), April.
  7. Adams, Damian C. & Lee, Donna J., 2007. "Estimating the Value of Invasive Aquatic Plant Control: A Bioeconomic Analysis of 13 Public Lakes in Florida," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 39(October), October.
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  9. Costello, Christopher & Springborn, Michael & McAusland, Carol & Solow, Andrew, 2007. "Unintended biological invasions: Does risk vary by trading partner?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 54(3), pages 262-276, November.
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  11. Gutierrez, Andrew Paul & Regev, Uri, 2005. "The bioeconomics of tritrophic systems: applications to invasive species," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 383-396, February.
  12. Mérel, Pierre R. & Carter, Colin A., 2008. "A second look at managing import risk from invasive species," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 286-290, November.
  13. Pimentel, David & Zuniga, Rodolfo & Morrison, Doug, 2005. "Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 273-288, February.
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  15. Leung, Brian & Finnoff, David & Shogren, Jason F. & Lodge, David, 2005. "Managing invasive species: Rules of thumb for rapid assessment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 24-36, October.
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