Balance of Payments Constraint and Inflation
AbstractThis paper describes briefly the main alternatives to the dominant neoclassical theories of inflation, according to which inflation is always a monetary phenomenon. The model develops a cost-push approach, in which raising costs are mainly related to external constraints. Distributive conflict inflation is possible, but is not explored, in order to highlight the novelty of the model. Not only inflation is seen as resulting from balance of payments crises, but fiscal crises also are the result of the initial balance of payments crises within this framework. Fiscal deficits, and all other excess demand pressures, are absent, so that high levels of inflation are compatible with an economy that is bellow full employment, and stabilization is independent of fiscal adjustments.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Utah, Department of Economics in its series Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, University of Utah with number 2003_06.
Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
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Balance of payments; Inflation;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
- E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
- F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-04-04 (All new papers)
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- de Carvalho, Fernando J Cardim, 1993. "Strato-inflation and High Inflation: The Brazilian Experience," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(1), pages 63-78, March.
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