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Knowledge Enclosures, Forced Specializations and Investment Crisis

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  • Filippo Belloc

    ()

  • Ugo Pagano

    ()

Abstract

Like land before the industrial revolution, much knowledge is being enclosed in private hands. These enclosures have become a major factor in specialization among firms and among countries: both are forced to specialize in the fields that are not restricted by the enclosures of the others. This forced specialization is highly asymmetric and involves strong self-reinforcing innovation patterns: we show that it is mainly driven by the existing knowledge enclosures, and that it polarizes investment opportunities among firms and, even more so, among countries. Moreover, also the world economy as a whole suffers from this restriction of investment opportunities, which, in our view, is one of the factors contributing to the present crisis.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Siena in its series Department of Economics University of Siena with number 601.

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Date of creation: Oct 2010
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Handle: RePEc:usi:wpaper:601

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Keywords: IPRs; innovation; knowledge enclosure; technological specialization;

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Cited by:
  1. Fabio Landini & Ugo Pagano, 2013. "Synergy, Conflict and Institutional Complementarities," Department of Economics University of Siena 686, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
  2. Caregari, Davide, 2010. "Diritti di proprietà intellettuale: sviluppi recenti e prospettive di riforma
    [Intellectual property rights: recent developements and reform prospects]
    ," MPRA Paper 28132, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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