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Competition and innovation: evidence from financial services

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  • J.W.B. Bos
  • J. Kolari
  • R. van Lamoen

Abstract

In this paper we seek to contribute to the literature on competition and innovation by focusing on individual firms within the U.S. banking industry in the period 1984-2004. We measure innovation by estimating technology gaps and find evidence of an inverted-U relationship between competition and the technology gaps in banking. This finding is robust over several different specifications and is consistent with theoretical and empirical work by Aghion, Bloom, Blundell, Griffith, and Howitt (2005b). The optimal amount of innovation requires a slightly positive mark up. Also, we find that the U.S. banking industry as a whole has consolidated beyond this optimal innovation level and that state-level interstate banking deregulation has lowered innovation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Utrecht School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 09-16.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:use:tkiwps:0916

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Keywords: competition; innovation; stochastic frontier analysis; technology gap ratio; banking;

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Cited by:
  1. J.W.B. Bos & J. Kolari & R. van Lamoen, 2009. "Competition and innovation: evidence from financial services," Working Papers 09-16, Utrecht School of Economics.
  2. Bos Jaap W.B. & Ling Chan Yee & Kolari James W & Yuan Jiang, 2010. "Competition and Critical Mass," Research Memorandum 063, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
  3. Katerina Voicheska, 2012. "Re-Engineering of the Business through Financial Innovations," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 3, pages 142-153.
  4. Michael Polder & Erik Veldhuizen, 2012. "Innovation and Competition in the Netherlands: Testing the Inverted-U for Industries and Firms," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 67-91, March.
  5. Bettina Becker, 2013. "The Determinants of R&D Investment: A Survey of the Empirical Research," Discussion Paper Series 2013_09, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Sep 2013.

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