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The dynamics of female employment around childbirth

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  • Jan Dirk Vlasblom

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  • Joop J. Schippers

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    Abstract

    There is a strong effect of childbirth on female labour supply. This effect is expected to be influenced, among others, by the institutional context. This paper uses panel data on the last two decades on three European countries (The Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom) to link changes in female labour force behaviour around childbirth to changes in the national institutional context. We conclude that institutions that make the costs of combining work and family lower relative to being a full-time mother will increase female participation rates. Therefore, it is important for both women and policymakers to be aware of the possible patterns, the 'ideal pattern' (from an economic point of view), and the ways the preferred patterns can be supported by the institutional context.

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    File URL: http://www.uu.nl/faculty/leg/NL/organisatie/departementen/departementeconomie/onderzoek/publicaties/DParchive/2003/Documents/03-10.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Utrecht School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 03-10.

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    Length: 25 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2003
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:use:tkiwps:0310

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    Related research

    Keywords: female labour supply; transitions; institutions;

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    References

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    1. Dankmeyer, Ben, 1996. "Long Run Opportunity-Costs of Children According to Education of the Mother in the Netherlands," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 349-61, August.
    2. Kalwij, A.S., 1999. "Household Consumption, Female Employment and Fertility Decisions; A Microeconometric Analysis," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-80009, Tilburg University.
    3. Jan Ondrich & C. Spiess & Qing Yang & Gert Wagner, 2003. "The Liberalization of Maternity Leave Policy and the Return to Work after Childbirth in Germany," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 77-110, January.
    4. Vendrik, Maarten C. M., 1998. "Unstable bandwagon and habit effects on labor supply," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 235-255, August.
    5. Ondrich, Jan & Spiess, C Katharina & Yang, Qing, 1996. "Barefoot and in a German Kitchen: Federal Parental Leave and Benefit Policy and the Return to Work after Childbirth in Germany," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 247-66, August.
    6. Gustafsson, Siv, 1992. "Separate Taxation and Married Women's Labor Supply: A Comparison of West Germany and Sweden," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 61-85, February.
    7. M. Vendrik, Maarten C., 1993. "Habits, hysteresis and catastrophes in labor supply," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 353-372, April.
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    Cited by:
    1. Del Bono, Emilia & Vuri, Daniela, 2011. "Job mobility and the gender wage gap in Italy," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 130-142, January.
    2. Schönberg, Uta, 2008. "Does the IABS reliably identify maternity leave taking?," FDZ Methodenreport 200803_en, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Claudia M�nch & Sweder van Wijnbergen, 2009. "Education and Labor Market Activity of Women: An Age-Group Specific Empirical Analysis," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 09-099/2, Tinbergen Institute.

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