Globalization and wage inequality in South and East Asia, and Latin America: A gender approach
AbstractIn this paper we analyse the reasons behind the evolution of the gender gap and wage inequality in South and East Asian and Latin American countries. Health human capital improvements, the exposure to free market openness and equal treatment enforcement laws seem to be the main exogenous variables affecting women’s economic condition. During the second globalization era (in the years 1975-2000) different combinations of these variables in South East Asian and Latin American countries have had as a result the diminution of the gender gap. The main exception to this rule according to our data is China where economic reforms have been simultaneous to the increase of gender differences and inequality between men and women. This result has further normative consequences for the measure of economic inequality. The improvement of women’s condition has as a result the diminution of the dispersion of wages. Therefore in most of the countries analysed the consequence of the diminution of the gender gapduring the second global era is the decrease of wage inequality both measured with Gini and Theil indexes.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra in its series Economics Working Papers with number 970.
Date of creation: Jul 2006
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Web page: http://www.econ.upf.edu/
Wage inequality; gender gap; market openness; human capital;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-10-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2006-10-21 (Development)
- NEP-HRM-2006-10-21 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LAB-2006-10-21 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-LAM-2006-10-21 (Central & South America)
- NEP-SEA-2006-10-21 (South East Asia)
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- Hugo Ñopo & Alberto Gonzales, 2008. "Brechas salariales por género y etnicidad en Guatemala desde una perspectiva de comparaciones emparejadas," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4588, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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6745, Inter-American Development Bank.
- Hugo Ñopo & Alberto Gonzales, 2008. "Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Guatemala from a Matching Comparisons Perspective," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4587, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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