Economic growth and investment in the Arab world
AbstractThis paper analyses the economic growth performance in the Arab world over the last forty years. The Arab world has managed to reduce poverty performance despite its relatively disappointing growth performance. We relate this poor performance of both oil and non-oil producers to investment. Contrary to widespread belief, we do not find evidence that low quantity of investment is the main of low growth. The decline in the investment rate followed rather than preceded the reduction in the aggregate growth rate. We conclude that the low quality of investment projects is the key determinant of growth. The excessive reliance on public investment, the low quality of financial institutions, the bad business environment (due to political and social instability and to excessive public intervention and overregulation) and the low quality of human capital are important determinants of systematically unproductive investment decisions and, thus, low economic growth.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra in its series Economics Working Papers with number 683.
Date of creation: May 2003
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.econ.upf.edu/
Economic growth; investment; the Arab World;
Other versions of this item:
- Xavier Sala-i-Martin & Elsa V. Artadi, 2002. "Economic growth and investment in the Arab world," Discussion Papers 0203-08, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
- Xavier Sala-i-Martin & Sanket Mohapatra, 2002. "Economic growth and investment in the Arab world," Discussion Papers 0203-10, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
- O0 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - General
- O5 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-05-26 (All new papers)
- NEP-CWA-2004-05-16 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-DEV-2004-05-16 (Development)
- NEP-MFD-2004-05-16 (Microfinance)
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