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Firm Performance in Vietnam:Evidence from Manufacturing Small and Medium Enterprises

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    Abstract

    This paper examines the performance of domestic non-state manufacturing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Vietnam. Specifically, it evaluates firm level technical efficiency and identifies the determinants of technical efficiency of these SMEs. The paper uses an econometric approach based on a stochastic frontier production function to analyse 5,204 observations of SMEs from three surveys conducted in 2002, 2005 and 2007. The results from the estimations reveal that manufacturing SMEs in Vietnam have relatively high average technical efficiency ranging from 84.2 percent to 92.5 percent. The paper further examines the factors influencing efficiency. It finds that firm age, size, location, ownership, cooperation with a foreign partner, subcontracting, product innovation, competition, and government assistance are significantly related to technical efficiency, albeit with varying degrees and directions. Exporting does not appear to influence technical efficiency. The paper offers some evidence-based policy recommendations to improve the technical efficiency and competitiveness of manufacturing SMEs.

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    File URL: http://www.uow.edu.au/content/groups/public/@web/@commerce/@econ/documents/doc/uow090518.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia in its series Economics Working Papers with number wp10-04.

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    Length: 33 pages
    Date of creation: 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:uow:depec1:wp10-04

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    Postal: School of Economics, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong NSW 2522 Australia
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    Fax: +612 4221-3725
    Web page: http://business.uow.edu.au/econ/index.html
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    Related research

    Keywords: manufacturing small and medium enterprises; firm performance; technical efficiency; stochastic frontier production function; Vietnam.;

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    1. Vo Tri Thanh & Nguyen Tu Anh, 2006. "Institutional Changes for Private Sector Development in Vietnam : Experience and Lessons," EABER Working Papers 21826, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    2. Måns Söderbom & Francis Teal, 2004. "Size and Efficiency in African Manufacturing Firms:Evidence from Firm-Level Panel Data," Development and Comp Systems 0409010, EconWPA.
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