Social Policies or Private Solidarity?: The Equalizing Role of Migration and Remittances in El Salvador
AbstractThis paper reviews the pattern of poverty rates and income inequality in El Salvador since the 1990s. It discusses some of the likely factors that explain the reduction in income inequality that has taken place in the country in the last decade, which paradoxically has coincided with the long period of economic stagnation that has followed dollarization since 2001. After examination of the available evidence, we conclude that this trend has been mainly due to the equalizing effect of migration and remittances (that is, a .private safety net. built around solidarity within families) rather than the distributive effect of public social expenditure or other public policies.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) in its series Working Paper Series with number UNU-WIDER Research Paper WP2012/13.
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
El Salvador; remittances; migration; inequality; poverty; labour market;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-04-10 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2012-04-10 (Development)
- NEP-LAM-2012-04-10 (Central & South America)
- NEP-MIG-2012-04-10 (Economics of Human Migration)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gerardo Esquivel, 2011.
"The Dynamics of Income Inequality in Mexico since NAFTA,"
Journal of LACEA Economia,
LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
- Gerardo Esquivel, 2010. "The dynamics of income inequality in Mexico since NAFTA," Serie documentos de trabajo del Centro de Estudios EconÃ³micos 2010-09, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos.
- Edwards, Alejandra Cox & Ureta, Manuelita, 2003. "International migration, remittances, and schooling: evidence from El Salvador," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 429-461, December.
Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Social Policies or Private Solidarity?: The Equalizing Role of Migration and Remittances in El Salvador
by Maximo Rossi in Wikiprogress América Latina on 2012-04-19 19:22:00
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