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Do we need different frameworks to explain infant MNEs from developing countries?

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  • Narula, Rajneesh

    ()
    (Henley Business School, University of Reading)

Abstract

Applying extant IB theory, I argue that initial firm internationalisation is shaped by the interdependence and dynamic interaction between its O assets and the L assets of its home location. Regardless of nationality, the initial O assets of an infant MNE tend to be constrained by the L assets available to them, rather than by their strategy. I also contrast the modus operandi of developing country (DC) infant MNEs with those from advanced economies, highlighting the similarities and differences. The O assets of DC MNEs are largely determined by home country influences. Advanced economy MNEs have a larger set of L assets to draw from, because a wider variety of non-home country influences exist. Strategy and host countries begin to play a greater role once MNEs have moved past the nascent stage. I also take a look at the changes due to globalization and how it has affected the propensity of firms to internationalise. I argue that successful firms (regardless of nationality) will increasingly explore internationalisation, but the basic pre-condition - that of possessing competitive O assets - remains the same. There is also no reason to believe that this is likely to happen disproportionately from the developing countries.

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File URL: http://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/wppdf/2011/wp2011-073.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) in its series MERIT Working Papers with number 073.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2011073

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Related research

Keywords: FDI; MNEs; eclectic paradigm; developing countries; emerging economies; markets; multinational enterprises;

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Cited by:
  1. Hennart, J.M.A., 2012. "Emerging market multinationals and the theory of the multinational enterprise," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-5608228, Tilburg University.

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