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Financial Patenting in Europe

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Author Info

  • Hall, Bronwyn H.

    ()
    (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University, Institute of Fiscal Studies, University of California-Berkeley, and NBER)

  • Thoma, Grid

    ()
    (CESPRI, Bocconi University, and University of Camerino)

  • Torrisi, Salvatore

    ()
    (Department of Management, University of Bologna, and CESPRI, Bocconi University)

Abstract

We take a first look at financial patents at the European Patent Office (EPO). As is the case at the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), the number of financial patents in Europe has increased significantly in parallel with significant changes in payment and financial systems. Scholars have argued that financial patents, like other business methods patents, have low value and are owned for strategic reasons rather than for protecting real inventions. We find that established firms in non-financial sectors with diversified patent portfolios own a large share of financial patents at the EPO. However, new specialized technology providers in the financial area also hold a number of such patents. Decisions on the financial patent applications take longer and they are more likely to be refused by the patent office, suggesting greater uncertainty over validity than for other patents. They are also more likely to be opposed, which is consistent with the fact that their other economic value indicators are higher.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) in its series MERIT Working Papers with number 011.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2010011

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Keywords: market valuation; intangible assets; patents; software; Europe;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bronwyn H. Hall, 2009. "Business and Financial Method Patents, Innovation, and Policy," NBER Working Papers 14868, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Korkeamäki, Timo & Takalo, Tuomas, 2012. "Valuation of innovation: The case of iPhone," Research Discussion Papers 24/2012, Bank of Finland.
  3. Francesco Rentocchini, 2010. "Sources and characteristics of software patents in the European Union: some empirical considerations," Openloc Working Papers 1022, Public policies and local development.
  4. Sandner, Philipp G. & Block, Joern, 2011. "The market value of R&D, patents, and trademarks," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(7), pages 969-985, September.
  5. Cédric Schneider, 2011. "The battle for patent rights in plant biotechnology: evidence from opposition fillings," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 36(5), pages 565-579, October.

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