Can gender differences in the educational performance of 15-year old migrant pupils be explained by the gender equality in the countries of origin and destination?
AbstractWe try to explain the differences between the performance (in both reading and math) of 8430 15-year-old daughters and 8526 15-year-old sons in 17 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development destination countries across Europe and Oceania with the PISA 2009 data from 45 origin countries or regions. In addition to the level of societal gender equality of the origin and destination countries (the gender empowerment measure, or GEM) we use macro indicators of the educational systems, economic development, and religions of the countries of origin. We find that migrant daughters from countries with higher levels of gender equality have higher reading scores than comparable migrant sons (but this is not the case for math scores). In addition, the higher the level of gender equality in the destination countries, the lower the reading and math scores of both the male and female migrantsâ€™ children in their destination countries. Further analyses suggest that the difference between the levels of gender equality, rather than the levels themselves, of the origin and destination countries explains more of the educational performance of both female and male migrant pupils. Our results also show that the low level of gender equality in Islamic origin countries is a sufficient explanation of the low educational performance of Islam male and female migrantsâ€™ pupils. Finally, migrantsâ€™ daughters seem to perform slightly better educationally than comparable migrantsâ€™ sons.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE) in its series Research Memorandum with number 018.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- Jaap Dronkers & Nils Kornder, 2013. "Can gender differences in the educational performance of 15-year old migrant pupils be explained by the gender equality in the countries of origin and destination?," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1307, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
- Kornder N. & Dronkers J. & Dronkers J., 2013. "Can gender differences in the educational performance of 15-year old migrant pupils be explained by the gender equality in the countries of origin and destination?," ROA Research Memorandum 005, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- P50 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-02-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2014-02-02 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-EDU-2014-02-02 (Education)
- NEP-MIG-2014-02-02 (Economics of Human Migration)
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