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Urban Public Facility Location, Multipurpose Trips and Spatial Competition: equilibrium and welfare analysis

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  • Baudewyns

Abstract

We study the impact of the urban location of one single public facility on spatial competition ` la Hotelling. If transportation costs are very low compared to the value of the public service then both firms tacitly choose the facility location without moderation of price competition, in contrast to mainstream results in the literature. In this event, minimum differentiation is efficient. For intermediate values of the relative transportation rate, inefficient partially-dispersed equilibria emerge with one firm at the facility site while its competitor locates at one end of the linear city. We also analyze the welfare impacts of changes, successively, in the facility location and the transportation rate, taking into account firms relocations.

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File URL: http://fesrvsd.fe.unl.pt/WPFEUNL/WP2001/wp400.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia in its series FEUNL Working Paper Series with number wp400.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:unl:unlfep:wp400

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Related research

Keywords: public facility; multipurpose trip; full agglomeration; partial dispersion; optimal location;

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  1. Thisse, Jacques-François & Wildasin, David, 1994. "Optimal Transportation Policy with Strategic Locational Choice," CEPR Discussion Papers 933, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Tabuchi, T. & Thisse, J.-F., . "Asymetric equilibria in spatial competition," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1151, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Revelle, Charles, 1987. "Urban public facility location," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: E. S. Mills (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 27, pages 1053-1096 Elsevier.
  4. THISSE, Jacques & WILDASIN, David, 1990. "Public facility location and urban spatial structure. Equilibrium and welfare analysis," CORE Discussion Papers 1990025, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  5. Lambertini, Luca, 1997. "Unicity of the equilibrium in the unconstrained Hotelling model," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 785-798, November.
  6. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Linnemer, Laurent, 2000. "Intermodal competition and regional inequalities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 131-184, March.
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