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Implications Of New Trade And Endogenous Growth Theories For Diversification Policies Of Commodity-Dependent Countries

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  • Jörg MAYER

Abstract

New trade and endogenous growth theories are discussed, and their findings taken to interpret technological innovation and human-capital accumulation as being the engines of structural diversification. Structural diversification is seen as being the result of dynamic learning sequences, where introducing new technology provides learning-by-doing benefits which, however, peter out once activities associated with the new technology have been repeated many times; new and more sophisticated technology is needed to continue reaping learning effects. Diversification policy should encourage skill-upgrading, for example by refocusing education policy and fostering the production of products that are one step higher on the skill ladder than those presently produced, independently of whether those products are considered commodities or manufactures in common product classifications. Associated policy actions for technology development and human capital accumulation are outlined.

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Paper provided by United Nations Conference on Trade and Development in its series UNCTAD Discussion Papers with number 122.

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Date of creation: 1996
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Handle: RePEc:unc:dispap:122

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  1. Rodrik, Dani, 1994. "King Kong Meets Godzilla: The World Bank and The East Asian Miracle," CEPR Discussion Papers 944, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Cited by:
  1. Reinhardt, Nola, 2000. "Back to Basics in Malaysia and Thailand: The Role of Resource-Based Exports in Their Export-Led Growth," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 57-77, January.
  2. Jean-Raphael Chaponniere & Jean-Pierre Cling, 2009. "Vietnam's Export-Led Growth Model and Competition with China," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 118, pages 101-130.

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