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Le « paradoxe » de Sikasso (Mali) : pourquoi « produire plus » ne suffit-il pas pour bien nourrir les enfants des familles d’agriculteurs ?

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  • Dury, S.
  • Bocoum, I.
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    Abstract

    Reducing poverty and increasing food production are usual recommandations for improving food and nutrition security. Yet linkages between poverty, agricultural production and food security are complexe and slightly clarified. The Sikasso Region in Mali shows a paradoxical situation where an important agricultural production is concomitant with a widespread children malnutrition. The comparison of this region with the other Malian regions allows to capture the specific causes of the children bad nutritional indicators. Children stunting, which is the highest in this region, is linked to a less diversified food consumption and probably to a lack of care, as a result of an overload of agricultural labor. ...French Abstract : Réduire la pauvreté et améliorer la production alimentaire sont des recommandations usuelles pour améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle. Mais les relations entre pauvreté, production agricole et sécurité alimentaire sont complexes et peu explicitées. La région de Sikasso au Mali illustre une situation paradoxale où la production agricole importante est concomitante à une malnutrition infantile étendue. La comparaison de cette région aux autres régions maliennes permet de cerner les déterminants spécifiques des mauvais indicateurs nutritionnels observés chez les enfants. Leur retard de croissance, qui est plus important dans cette région, est lié à une alimentation moins diversifiée et probablement à un manque de soins, conséquence d’une surcharge de travail agricole.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by UMR MOISA : Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs : CIHEAM-IAMM, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, IRD - Montpellier, France in its series Working Papers MOISA with number 201206.

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    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:umr:wpaper:201206

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    Keywords: UNDERFEEDING; POVERTY; AGRICULTURE; HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY; HEALTH CARE;

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