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Novelty Effects of New Facilities on Attendance at Professional Sporting Events

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Author Info

  • Dennis Coates

    ()
    (UMBC)

  • Brad R. Humphreys

    ()
    (UMBC)

Abstract

We investigate the possibility that new facilities affect attendance - the "novelty effect" - in professional baseball, basketball, and football from 1969-2001 by estimating the parameters of a reduced form attendance model. Our results indicate a strong, persistent novelty effect in baseball and basketball and little or no novelty effect in football. Our estimates of size and duration of the novelty effect imply that, in a new facility, at a minimum, a baseball team would sell an additional 2,561,702 tickets over the first eight seasons, a basketball team 446,936 over the first nine seasons, and a football team 163,436 over the first five seasons. This increase in attendance also suggests a corresponding increase in revenues that could be tapped to help defray the large public subsidies that state and local governments frequently provide to new stadium and arena construction projects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UMBC Department of Economics in its series UMBC Economics Department Working Papers with number 03-101.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:umb:econwp:03101

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Postal: UMBC Department of Economics 1000 Hilltop Circle Baltimore MD 21250, USA
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Web page: http://www.umbc.edu/economics
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Keywords: Professional Sports; Attendance; Novelty Effect;

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References

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  1. Eckard, E Woodrow, 2001. "Free Agency, Competitive Balance, and Diminishing Returns to Pennant Contention," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 39(3), pages 430-43, July.
  2. Dennis Coates & Brad R. Humphreys, 2001. "The Economic Consequences of Professional Sports Strikes and Lockouts," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 737-747, January.
  3. Coates, Dennis & Humphreys, Brad R., 2003. "The effect of professional sports on earnings and employment in the services and retail sectors in US cities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 175-198, March.
  4. Leo Kahane & Stephen Shmanske, 1997. "Team roster turnover and attendance in major league baseball," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 425-431.
  5. Jaume Garcia & Placido Rodriguez, 2002. "The Determinants of Football Match Attendance Revisited: Empirical Evidence from the Spanish Football League," Journal of Sports Economics, , , vol. 3(1), pages 18-38, February.
  6. Brad R. Humphreys, 2002. "Alternative Measures of Competitive Balance in Sports Leagues," Journal of Sports Economics, , , vol. 3(2), pages 133-148, May.
  7. Dennis Coates & Thane Harrison, 2004. "Baseball Strikes and the Demand for Attendance," UMBC Economics Department Working Papers, UMBC Department of Economics 04-101, UMBC Department of Economics.
  8. Dennis Coates & Brad R. Humphreys, 1999. "The growth effects of sport franchises, stadia, and arenas," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(4), pages 601-624.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. More New Stadiums
    by jamesreade in International Journal of Sport Finance Blog on 2009-07-28 03:56:09
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Cited by:
  1. Rodney J. Paul & Andrew P. Weinbach, 2013. "The Yankee Effect in Minor League Baseball," New York Economic Review, New York State Economics Association (NYSEA), New York State Economics Association (NYSEA), vol. 44(1), pages 32-42.
  2. Daniel, Rascher, 2008. "Franchise Relocations, Expansions, and Mergers in Professional Sports Leagues," MPRA Paper 25809, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Dennis Coates & Brad R. Humphreys, 2008. "The Effect of On-Field Success on Stock Prices: Evidence from Nippon Professional Baseball," Working Papers, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists 0805, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  4. Craig Depken, 2007. "Another look at anti-scalping laws: Theory and evidence," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 130(1), pages 55-77, January.
  5. Sung Il Hong & Michael Mondello & Dennis Coates, 2011. "An Examination of the Effects of the Recent Economic Crisis on Major League Baseball (MLB) Attendance Demand," Working Papers, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists 1123, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  6. Rodney J. Paul & Andrew P. Weinbach, 2011. "Minor League Baseball Attendance in the Pacific Northwest: A Study of the Effects of Winning, Scoring, Demographics and Promotions in the Northwest and Pioneer Baseball Leagues," Ekonomika a Management, University of Economics, Prague, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2011(2).
  7. B Buraimo & R Simmons, 2006. "Market size and attendance in English Premier League football," Working Papers 574562, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.

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