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University Technology Transfer: How (in-)efficient are French universities?

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  • Claudia Curi
  • Cinzia Daraio
  • Patrick Llerena

Abstract

This paper assesses the efficiency of the technology transfer operated by the French university system and its main determinants. The analysis is based on a detailed and original database of 51 TTOs, categorized by type of university, over the period 2003-2007. Overall, we find low-level of efficiency and both intra-category and inter-categories efficiency variation. The analysis of determinants shows that French TTOs efficiency depends extensively on the nature of the category (with universities specialised in science and engineering resulting the most efficient ones), on institutional and environmental characteristics. We found that both the seniority of TTO and size of the university have a positive effect. In terms of environmental variables, the intensity of R&D activity (both private and public) has a positive impact; however, in terms of growth rate, only the Private R&D activity seems to be the main driver. Lastly, having a medical school related to a hospital is a source of inefficiency.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg in its series Working Papers of BETA with number 2012-02.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2012-02

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Keywords: Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs); French University System; Technical Efficiency; DEA; Bootstrap.;

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References

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  3. Chapple, Wendy & Lockett, Andy & Siegel, Donald & Wright, Mike, 2005. "Assessing the relative performance of U.K. university technology transfer offices: parametric and non-parametric evidence," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 369-384, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Olivier Cardi & Romain Restout, 2012. "Fiscal shocks in a two sector open economy with endogenous markups," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2012-17, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  2. Amélie Barbier-Gauchard & Francesco De Palma & Giuseppe Diana, 2012. "Currency devaluation with dual labor market : Which perspectives for the Euro Zone ?," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2012-04, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  3. Claudia Curi & Cinzia Daraio & Patrick Llerena, 2013. "What is the productivity change of a university TTOs system at its early stage of development? Evidence from France," DIAG Technical Reports, Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering, Universita' degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" 2013-03, Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering, Universita' degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza".
  4. Ragip Ege & Herrade Igersheim & Charlotte Le Chapelain, 2012. "Transcendental vs. Comparative Approaches to Justice : A Reappraisal of Sen’s Dichotomy," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2012-15, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  5. Patrick Cohendet & Patrick Llerena & Laurent Simon, 2012. "THE ROUTINIZATION OF CREATIVITY: Lessons from the Case of a video-game Creative Powerhouse," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2012-05, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  6. Raphaële Préget & Phu Nguyen-Van & Marc Willinger, 2012. "Who are the Voluntary Leaders? Experimental Evidence from a Sequential Contribution Game," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2012-21, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  7. Julien Pénin, 2012. "Motivation crowding-out: Is there a risk for science?," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2012-13, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  8. Meixing Dai, 2012. "Static and Dynamic Effects of Central Bank Transparency," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2012-08, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  9. Federica Rossi, 2014. "The efficiency of universities’ knowledge transfer activities: A multi-output approach beyond patenting and licensing," Working Papers, Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research 16, Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research, revised Feb 2014.

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