Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Les déterminants individuels des absences au travail : une comparaison européenne

Contents:

Author Info

  • Sabine Chaupain-Guillot
  • Olivier Guillot
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    À partir des données de l’European Community Household Panel (ECHP), on s’intéresse aux déterminants individuels des absences au travail dans les pays européens. L’étude porte sur l’ensemble des États membres de l’UE-15, à l’exception de la Suède. Les comportements d’absence des salariés, dans chacun de ces pays, sont analysés à l’aide de deux modèles sur données de panel : un modèle Probit à effets aléatoires et un modèle Logit à effets fixes. Ces modèles sont estimés séparément pour les hommes et pour les femmes. Afin de tenir compte de l’éventuelle endogénéité du degré de satisfaction à l’égard de l’emploi occupé, on procède également à l’estimation de modèles Probit bivariés, permettant d’expliquer simultanément l’insatisfaction au travail et l’absence. Comme différents travaux antérieurs, cette comparaison européenne fait apparaître des écarts sensibles de taux d’absence entre les pays. On constate que les taux observés en France, au cours de la période 1994-2001, sont parmi les plus faibles de l’UE, les durées d’absence pour les salariés français étant cependant plus longues, en moyenne, que celles enregistrées dans la plupart des autres pays (du moins si l’on en juge d’après les chiffres relatifs aux années 1998 à 2001). Les résultats des estimations montrent que les facteurs jouant sur la probabilité d’absence sont loin d’être identiques d’un pays à l’autre. L’existence d’une maladie chronique ou d’un handicap, le degré de satisfaction au travail et, chez les femmes, la présence d’un enfant de moins de 3 ans sont, en effet, les seules variables qui ont un impact significatif, et de même signe, dans la quasi-totalité des États de l’UE-15 (d’après les résultats des modèles Probit à effets aléatoires).

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.beta-umr7522.fr/productions/publications/2010/2010-17.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg in its series Working Papers of BETA with number 2010-17.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2010-17

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: PEGE. 61, Aven. de la Forêt-Noire 67000 Strasbourg
    Phone: +33 3 68 85 20 69
    Fax: +33 3 68 85 20 70
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.beta-umr7522.fr/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: absences au travail; santé; satisfaction au travail; Union européenne.;

    Find related papers by JEL classification:

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Monojit Chatterji & Colin J. Tilley, 2002. "Sickness, absenteeism, presenteeism, and sick pay," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 54(4), pages 669-687, October.
    2. Lusine Lusinyan & Leo Bonato, 2007. "Work Absence in Europe," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 54(3), pages 475-538, July.
    3. Barmby, Tim & Stephan, Gesine, 2000. "Worker Absenteeism: Why Firm Size May Matter," Manchester School, University of Manchester, University of Manchester, vol. 68(5), pages 568-77, September.
    4. Robert Drago & Mark Wooden, 1992. "The determinants of labor absence: Economic factors and workgroup norms across countries," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 45(4), pages 764-778, July.
    5. Allen, Steven G, 1981. "An Empirical Model of Work Attendance," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(1), pages 77-87, February.
    6. Brown, Sarah & Sessions, John G, 1996. " The Economics of Absence: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(1), pages 23-53, March.
    7. Chamberlain, Gary, 1980. "Analysis of Covariance with Qualitative Data," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 225-38, January.
    8. Rigmar Osterkamp & Oliver Röhn, 2007. "Being on Sick Leave: Possible Explanations for Differences of Sick-leave Days Across Countries," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, CESifo, vol. 53(1), pages 97-114, March.
    9. Chiara Monfardini & Rosalba Radice, 2008. "Testing Exogeneity in the Bivariate Probit Model: A Monte Carlo Study," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 70(2), pages 271-282, 04.
    10. Tim A. Barmby & Marco G. Ercolani & John G. Treble, 2002. "Sickness Absence: An International Comparison," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(480), pages F315-F331, June.
    11. Barmby, Tim & Orme, Chris & Treble, John, 1995. "Worker absence histories: a panel data study," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 53-65, March.
    12. Michel Grignon & Thomas Renaud, 2007. "Sickness and injury leave in France: moral hazard or strain?," Working Papers, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics DT4, IRDES institut for research and information in health economics, revised Feb 2007.
    13. Mohammed Chaudhury & Ignace Ng, 1992. "Absenteeism Predictors: Least Squares, Rank Regression, and Model Selection Results," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 25(3), pages 615-35, August.
    14. repec:ese:iserwp:2008-29 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Wilde, Joachim, 2000. "Identification of multiple equation probit models with endogenous dummy regressors," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 309-312, December.
    16. Jessica P. Vistnes, 1997. "Gender differences in days lost from work due to illness," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 50(2), pages 304-323, January.
    17. Rigmar Osterkamp, 2002. "Work Lost Due to Illness - an International Comparison," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 3(4), pages 36-40, 02.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2010-17. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.