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Les clusters et les réseaux comme fondements de la dynamique d'innovation dans l'industrie biopharmaceutique


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  • Marc-Hubert Depret
  • Abdelillah Hamdouch


Pour rendre compte des phénomènes de réticularisation et d’agglomération croissantes des activités d’innovation, de nombreux travaux empiriques et théoriques dans diverses disciplines (économie, sociologie, géographie, management) ont souligné l’importance des logiques de proximité (géographique, organisationnelle, cognitive). C’est dans ce cadre que s’est forgée l’idée que c’est au sein des clusters que se gagne désormais la compétition induite par les dynamiques d’innovation soutenue et de globalisation rapide. Toutefois, en dépit d’une très large diffusion, cette conviction manque aujourd’hui encore d’assise théorique et empirique. À partir du cas de la biopharmacie, cet article cherche ainsi à montrer que si les clusters sont une des conditions permissives du processus de production et de diffusion de l’innovation, ils n’en constituent pas pour autant une condition suffisante, ni même forcément la forme organisationnelle et spatiale la plus adaptée, en particulier dans un contexte de plus en plus incertain et globalisé.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg in its series Working Papers of BETA with number 2010-11.

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Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2010-11

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Keywords: Bioclusters; Échelles spatiales; Formes de proximité; Dynamiques d’émergence et de structuration; Réseaux d’innovation.;


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Cited by:
  1. Meixing DAI, 2009. "External constraint and financial crises with balance sheet effects," Working Papers of BETA 2009-02, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  2. Meixing DAI, 2010. "Financial market imperfections and monetary policy strategy," Working Papers of BETA 2010-19, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  3. Dai, Meixing & Sidiropoulos, Moïse, 2010. "Monetary and fiscal policy interactions with central bank transparency and public investment," MPRA Paper 23704, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Gilbert Koenig & Irem Zeyneloglu, 2010. "Fiscal policy efficiency and coordination: The New Open Economy Macroeconomics Approach," Working Papers of BETA 2010-18, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  5. Pierre Dehez, 2010. "Cooperative provision of indivisible public goods," Working Papers of BETA 2010-14, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.


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