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Why do Academic Scientists Engage in Interdisciplinary Research ?

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  • Nicolas CARAYOL
  • Thuc Uyen NGUYEN THI

Abstract

This article provides a first empirical study of the determinants of the propensity to which academic scholars tend to perform interdisciplinarity research. For that purpose we introduce a measure of interdisciplinarity as the diversity of their research production across scientific domains. Our dataset concerns more than nine hundred permanent researchers employed by a large French university which is ranked first among French universities in terms of Impact. As expected we find that the traditional academic career incentives do not stimulate interdisciplinary research while having connections with industry does. The context of work in the laboratory (size, colleagues’ status, age and affiliations) strongly affects the propensity to undertake interdisciplinary research.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg in its series Working Papers of BETA with number 2004-17.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2004-17

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Keywords: Economics of science; Academic incentives; Interdisciplinary research; Laboratory; University.;

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Cited by:
  1. Tapas K. Mishra, 2006. "A Further Look into the Demography-based GDP Forecasting Method," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2006-17, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  2. Rafols, Ismael & Leydesdorff, Loet & O’Hare, Alice & Nightingale, Paul & Stirling, Andy, 2012. "How journal rankings can suppress interdisciplinary research: A comparison between Innovation Studies and Business & Management," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(7), pages 1262-1282.
  3. Nicola Lacetera, 2009. "Academic entrepreneurship," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(7), pages 443-464.
  4. Giovanni Dosi & Patrick Llerena & Mauro Sylos Labini, 2005. "Science-Technology-Industry Links and the ”European Paradox”: Some Notes on the Dynamics of Scientific and Technological Research in Europe," LEM Papers Series, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy 2005/02, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  5. Sabharwal, Meghna & Hu, Qian, 2013. "Participation in university-based research centers: Is it helping or hurting researchers?," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 1301-1311.
  6. Estelle Dhont-Peltrault & Etienne Pfister, 2007. "R&D cooperation versus R&D subcontracting: empirical evidence from French survey data," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2007-17, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  7. van Rijnsoever, Frank J. & Hessels, Laurens K., 2011. "Factors associated with disciplinary and interdisciplinary research collaboration," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 463-472, April.
  8. Sofia Pessoa e Costa & Stéphane Robin, 2007. "The Impact Of Training Programmes On Wages In France: An Evaluation Of The “Qualifying Contract” Using Propensity Scores," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2007-18, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  9. Rachel Levy & Paul Muller, 2006. "Do academic laboratories correspond to scientific communities? Evidence from a large European university," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2006-15, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  10. Julia Melkers & Fang Xiao, 2012. "Boundary-spanning in emerging technology research: determinants of funding success for academic scientists," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 37(3), pages 251-270, June.
  11. Meixing DAI, 2007. "A two-pillar strategy to keep inflation expectations at bay: A basic theoretical framework," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2007-20, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  12. Nicolas Carayol & Pascale Roux & Murat Yıldızoglu, 2006. "Coordination failures in network formation," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2006-03, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  13. Gisèle Umbhauer, 2007. "De l’amiante au chrysotile, un glissement stratégique dans la désinformation," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2007-15, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  14. Théophile Azomahou & Tapas Mishra, 2006. "Age Dynamics and Economic Growth: Revisiting the Nexus in a Nonparametric Setting," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2006-36, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  15. Stéphane Betrand & Kene Boun My & Alban Verchère, 2005. "Faire émerger la coopération internationale : une approche expérimentale comparée du bilatéralisme et du multilatéralisme," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2005-13, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  16. Diego Chavarro & Puay Tang & Ismael Rafols, 2013. "Interdisciplinarity and research on local issues: evidence from a developing country," SPRU Working Paper Series, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex 2013-14, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
  17. Meixing DAI & Moïse SIDIROPOULOS & Eleftherios SPYROMITROS, 2007. "La transparence de la politique monétaire et la dynamique des marchés financiers," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2007-19, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  18. Nicolas Carayol & Pascale Roux, 2006. "A strategic model of complex networks formation," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2006-02, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  19. Li Qin & Eleftherios Spyromitros & Moïse Sidiropoulos, 2007. "Monetary Policy with Uncertain Central Bank Preferences for Robustness," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2007-23, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  20. Jalal EL OUARDIGHI & Rabija SOMUN-KAPETANOVIC, 2006. "Convergence des contributions aux inégalités de richesse dans le développement des pays européens," Working Papers of BETA, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg 2006-19, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.

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