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Patents and academic research: a state of the art

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  • Bruno Van Pottelsberghe
  • Dominique Guellec

Abstract

The sharp increase in academic patenting over the past 20 years raises important issues regarding the generation and diffusion of academic knowledge. Three key questions may be raised in this respect: What is behind the surge in academic patenting? Does patenting affect the quality and quantity of universities' scientific output? Does the patent system limit the freedom to perform academic research? The present paper summarizes the existing literature on these issues. The evidence suggests that academic patenting has only limited effects on the direction, pace and quality of research. A virtuous cycle seems to characterise the patent-publication relationship. Secondly, scientific anti-commons show very little effects on academic researchers so far, limited to a few countries with weak or no research exemption regulations. In a nutshell, the evidence leads us to conclude that the benefits of academic patenting on research exceed their potential negative effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series ULB Institutional Repository with number 2013/6187.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Publication status: Forthcoming
Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/6187

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References

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  1. Jerry G. Thursby & Marie C. Thursby, 2002. "Who Is Selling the Ivory Tower? Sources of Growth in University Licensing," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 48(1), pages 90-104, January.
  2. Bruno Van Pottelsberghe & Eleftherios Sapsalis, 2007. "The institutional sources of knowledge and the value of academic patents," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/6195, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  3. Dominique Guellec & Bruno Van Pottelsberghe & Nicolas van Zeebroeck, 2007. "Patent as a market instrument," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/60728, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  4. Gulbrandsen, Magnus & Smeby, Jens-Christian, 2005. "Industry funding and university professors' research performance," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 932-950, August.
  5. Bruno Van Pottelsberghe & Eleftherios Sapsalis & Ran Navon, 2006. "Academic vs. industry patenting: an in-depth analysis of what determines patent value," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 05-008.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  6. Bruno Van Pottelsberghe & Sabrina Saragossi, 2003. "What patent data reveals about universities: the case of Belgium," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/6211, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  7. James Bessen & Michael J. Meurer, 2005. "The Patent Litigation Explosion," Working Papers, Research on Innovation 0501, Research on Innovation.
  8. Martin Meyer, 2003. "Academic patents as an indicator of useful research? A new approach to measure academic inventiveness," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(1), pages 17-27, April.
  9. Campbell, Eric G. & Weissman, Joel S. & Causino, Nancyanne & Blumenthal, David, 2000. "Data withholding in academic medicine: characteristics of faculty denied access to research results and biomaterials," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 303-312, February.
  10. Sapsalis, Eleftherios & van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno & Navon, Ran, 2006. "Academic versus industry patenting: An in-depth analysis of what determines patent value," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 1631-1645, December.
  11. Eleftherios Sapsalis & Bruno Van Pottelsberghe, 2003. "Insight into the patenting performance of Belgian universities," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 46(3), pages 37-58.
  12. Azele Mathieu & Martin Meyer & Bruno Van Pottelsberghe, 2008. "Turning science into business: A case study of a major European research university," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/166523, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  13. Bruno Van Pottelsberghe & Carine Peeters, 2006. "Economic and management perspectives on intellectual property rights," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/6185, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  14. Fiona Murray & Scott Stern, 2005. "Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge? An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis," NBER Working Papers 11465, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Ajay Agrawal & Rebecca Henderson, 2002. "Putting Patents in Context: Exploring Knowledge Transfer from MIT," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 48(1), pages 44-60, January.
  16. Van Looy, Bart & Callaert, Julie & Debackere, Koenraad, 2006. "Publication and patent behavior of academic researchers: Conflicting, reinforcing or merely co-existing?," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 596-608, May.
  17. Guellec, Dominique & van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Bruno, 2007. "The Economics of the European Patent System: IP Policy for Innovation and Competition," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199216987, October.
  18. Mowery, David C. & Ziedonis, Arvids A., 2002. "Academic patent quality and quantity before and after the Bayh-Dole act in the United States," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 399-418, March.
  19. Chris Dent & Paul Jensen & Sophie Waller & Beth Webster, 2006. "Research Use of Patented Knowledge: A Review," OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2006/2, OECD Publishing.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Azele Mathieu, 2011. "University-Industry interactions and knowledge transfer mechanisms: a critical survey," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 11-015, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Tomás del Barrio-Castro & José García-Quevedo, 2009. "The determinants of university patenting: Do incentives matter?," Working Papers 2009/13, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  3. Nicolas Van Zeebroeck, 2008. "Développement et impact des stratégies de dépôt de brevets," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 87-100.
  4. Malwina Mejer, 2011. "Entrepreneurial Scientists and their Publication Performance. An Insight from Belgium," Working Papers ECARES, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles ECARES 2011-017, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

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