Diffusion of technical change and the decomposition of output into trend and cycle
AbstractIn this paper we argue that modelling the trend component in real GNP as a random walk is inconsistent with its interpretation as productivity growth. As an alternative we specify the trend as an Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) process, whose impulse response function follows an S-shaped pattern reflecting the process of diffusion of technical change. Such an ARIMA process is employed to build and estimate an Unobserved Components ARIMA (UCARIMA) model using USA post-war quarterly data. We find that our model, although more parsimonious, fits the data as well as the standard random walk plus AR(2) cycle. Moreover, the cycle has a very low variance relative to the variance of the trend in our model.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series ULB Institutional Repository with number 2013/10157.
Date of creation: Jan 1994
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in: The Review of Economic Studies (1994) v.61 n° 1,p.19-30
Other versions of this item:
- Lippi, Marco & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 1994. "Diffusion of Technical Change and the Decomposition of Output into Trend and Cycle," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(1), pages 19-30, January.
- Lippi, Marco & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 1993. "Diffusion of Technical Change and the Decomposition of Output into Trend and Cycle," CEPR Discussion Papers 775, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
- O49 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Other
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